When and How to Plant Kiwi Trees: A Complete Guide


Planting kiwi is a great way to add a unique and delicious fruit to your own garden. The kiwiberry, a small but mighty fruit that grows on a vigorous vine, is a chosen favorite for its manageable size and sweet taste. With the right timing and conditions, you can successfully plant kiwi and enjoy the harvest for years to come.

When selecting a location for planting kiwi, choose a spot within hardiness zones 7 to 9. Kiwi plants thrive in cool, frost-free seasons with abundant sunshine. They prefer well-draining soil with a slightly acidic composition. Before planting, prepare the soil by adding fertilizer to ensure the best growing conditions.

Once the location and soil are chosen, it’s time to begin planting. The first step is to create a mound of soil to help with drainage. Plant the kiwi vines on top of the mound, spacing them about 10 feet apart. Ensure that the wires or trellis system is in place for the vines to climb and be trained upon. This helps the kiwi plant to grow upright and ensures better fruiting.

After planting, prune the kiwi plant to promote healthy growth. Remove any damaged or diseased leaves and branches, and shorten the vines to encourage new growth. This will also help the kiwi plant to develop a bushy and well-shaped foliage.

While the kiwi plant grows, make sure to water it regularly. Kiwi plants require daily watering, especially during hot and dry periods. Additionally, kiwi plants benefit from high humidity, so misting the leaves with water is also recommended. This will help the plant to thrive and produce the most delicious fruits.

It is important to note that kiwi plants are not self-pollinating. To ensure fruiting, it is necessary to plant both male and female plants. The male plants produce the pollen needed to fertilize the female flowers and allow fruit to develop. Be sure to plant the male and female kiwi plants within close proximity to facilitate pollination.

Once the kiwi fruits have reached their ripe stage, it’s time to pick them. Kiwis are typically ready to be harvested in late fall or early winter. To check if the fruit is ready, gently press the skin. If it gives in slightly, it’s a sign that the kiwi is ripe and ready to be picked.

In conclusion, planting kiwi requires careful consideration of the location, soil conditions, and timing. By following the proper planting and care techniques, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of your own delicious kiwi fruits.

How to Grow Kiwifruit

If you’re considering planting kiwifruit, there are a few key factors to keep in mind. Kiwifruit thrives in warm climates, so it’s best to plant them when the soil is warm and the threat of frost has passed. Kiwi vines need a sturdy structure to grow on, such as a trellis or pergola.

When choosing a location for your kiwi plants, it’s important to know that they prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Kiwis also require full sun to thrive, so choose a spot that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight per day.

Before planting your kiwi vines, it’s a good idea to prepare the soil by digging holes that are at least 18 inches wide and 12 inches deep. Kiwis can survive in a variety of soil compositions, but they prefer cool, fertile soil.

When planting the kiwi vines, be sure to space them at least 10 to 12 feet apart to allow for proper growth. After planting, water the vines well and provide them with regular care, including mulching, pruning, and fertilizing.

Kiwis are prone to a few pests and diseases, such as root rot and chlorosis. To prevent these problems, make sure the soil is well-drained and the vines are spaced properly. Regularly check the plants for any signs of pests or diseases and take appropriate action if necessary.

It’s important to note that most kiwi plants are not self-fertile, which means you will need to plant both a male and a female vine to ensure fruit production. Be sure to choose a male variety that will pollinate the female plants.

Kiwifruit usually ripens in late summer or early fall, depending on the variety and the timing of the growing season. If you live in a colder climate, it may be necessary to provide some protection for the vines during the colder months.

Once your kiwi fruits are mature and ready to harvest, you can tell by gently pressing on them. If they yield slightly, they’re ripe and ready to enjoy. Kiwis can be stored for a couple of weeks in the refrigerator.

In conclusion, growing kiwifruit can be a rewarding experience if you plan ahead and provide the optimal growing conditions. With proper care and attention, you can enjoy the delicious fruits year after year.

Kiwifruit Care

When planting kiwifruit, timing is crucial. It is best to plant your kiwifruit vine in the early spring to ensure that it has enough time to establish its root system before the growing season. Kiwifruit plants require well-drained soil and should be grown in a location with full sun or partial shade.

After planting, it is important to provide proper care for your kiwifruit plants. Kiwifruit vines are vigorous growers and require regular pruning to maintain their shape and promote fruit production. Pruning should be done in the late winter or early spring before the new growth begins.

To support the growth of your kiwifruit vine, you will need to provide a sturdy support system such as trellises or wires. The vines can grow up to 30 feet in length, so make sure to provide enough space for them to spread out. It is common to train the vines along wires, allowing them to grow upon the support system.

Kiwifruit plants are sensitive to frost, so it is important to protect them during cold weather. You can cover the plants with plastic or use frost protection blankets to shield them from freezing temperatures. Additionally, kiwifruit plants require high humidity to thrive, so make sure to water them regularly and mist the leaves to increase humidity levels.

Another key aspect of kiwifruit care is fertilization. Apply a balanced fertilizer in early spring and again in late spring to promote healthy growth. Avoid over-fertilization, as this can lead to nutrient imbalances and chlorosis, which is a yellowing of the leaves.

Once the kiwifruits start to form, it is important to keep them well-protected. Birds are a common pest that can damage the fruits, so you may need to install netting or use scare tactics to keep them away. Harvest your kiwifruits when they are firm but slightly soft to the touch. They will continue to ripen once harvested, so it’s best to pick them a little earlier to prevent overripening.

In conclusion, successful kiwifruit care requires careful attention to the planting location, timing, and maintenance of the plants. By providing the necessary support, protection, and nutrients, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of this delicious and nutritious fruit.


Light is a crucial factor to consider when planting kiwi plants. Kiwiberries, like their larger kiwi relatives, thrive in a location that receives plenty of sunlight. When choosing a spot for planting, it is best to select a sunny area in your garden that is well-supported and free from frost. Kiwi plants require at least six hours of direct sunlight to grow and ripen their delicious fruit.

In terms of soil composition, kiwi plants prefer fertile, well-drained soil. The soil should also be rich in organic matter to provide the necessary nutrients for optimal growth. The pH of the soil should be slightly acidic, between 5.5 and 7.5, to prevent chlorosis in the plants. If the soil is too alkaline or acidic, the leaves of the plants may turn yellow, indicating a nutrient deficiency.

Adequate humidity is also important for kiwi plants. While they can tolerate some humidity, excessively high humidity levels can lead to common fungal diseases. To prevent this, make sure the planting area has good air circulation and avoid overwatering the plants. Watering should be done in the morning to allow excess moisture to evaporate throughout the day and reduce the risk of fungal growth.

In terms of care, kiwi plants should be trained and supported to grow in the desired manner. This is usually done by planning and installing a support system, such as trellises or wires, before planting. The vines can be trained to grow along these supports, ensuring proper airflow and preventing the fruits from rotting on the ground. It is also important to regularly prune the plants to remove any dead or damaged branches, as well as to prevent overcrowding and promote fruit production.

When it comes to pests, kiwi plants are generally hardy and not prone to serious pest damage. However, some common pests, such as aphids and scale insects, may occasionally affect the plants. Regular monitoring and proper pest control measures, such as using organic insecticides or introducing natural predators, can help manage any pest problems that may arise.

Lastly, kiwi plants are self-fertile, meaning a single plant is capable of producing fruit without a separate pollinator. However, having at least one pollinating plant nearby can improve and increase fruit production in your kiwi garden. Be sure to choose a compatible kiwi variety that blooms at the same time as your chosen plant to ensure successful pollination.


The soil is an important factor to consider when planting kiwi vines. Kiwis prefer well-drained soil that is slightly acidic. They thrive in soil with a pH level between 5.0 and 6.5, which is optimal for their growth. Soils that are too sandy or clayey should be avoided as they can retain too much water and lead to root rot.

Before planting, it is advisable to test the soil to ensure it meets these requirements. If the soil is not suitable, you can improve it by adding organic matter such as compost or peat moss to increase its fertility and drainage. In addition, it is recommended to add sulfur to lower the pH level if the soil is too alkaline.

The planting area should be prepared in advance. Clear any weeds or grasses, and loosen the soil to a depth of about 12 inches. This will encourage root growth and improve the overall health of your kiwi plant.

When planting kiwi vines, ensure they are spaced at least 10 to 14 feet apart to allow for their vigorous growth. They require ample space to spread out and develop their desired shape. The vines can grow up to 30 feet in length over the years.

Kiwis are not frost-tolerant, so they should be planted in a frost-free area. If your region experiences frost, you can choose a sheltered area or provide support such as a fence or trellis to protect the vines.

The kiwi vines need support for their stems to grow vertically. A wire trellis or a similar support system can be installed when planting the vines. The vines will then naturally cling to the wires as they grow taller. This helps in managing their growth and makes it easier to prune and harvest the fruit.

It is important to water the newly planted kiwi vine thoroughly. This ensures that the roots establish well and the plant gets off to a healthy start. Watering should be done frequently, especially during the first year of growth, to keep the soil consistently moist.

Regularly check the kiwi vine for any signs of disease or fungus. Common problems, such as leaf spot and root rot, can be prevented by maintaining good air circulation and avoiding overwatering. It is also advisable to prune the vines to shorten their length if they become too long, ensuring that the foliage receives adequate sunlight and reducing the risk of disease.

Kiwis are vigorous growers, and they require around 170 days of frost-free weather to fully mature and produce fruit. Generally, kiwis are ready for harvest in early autumn. The exact timing may depend on the variety and growing conditions. It is helpful to refer to specific advice from reputable sources, such as Suttons or other gardening experts, to determine the optimal harvest time for your kiwi plants.

In conclusion, when planting kiwis, it is essential to choose a well-drained, slightly acidic soil, test and amend the soil if necessary, and provide adequate space for the vigorous growth of the vines. Support systems, such as wire trellises, are recommended to manage the growth and ensure healthy development. Regular watering and monitoring for any signs of disease or fungus are important for the overall success of your kiwi plants.

✿ Read More: Gardening Tips and Advice.

Dr Heidi Parkes

By Dr Heidi Parkes

Senior Information Extension Officer QLD Dept of Agriculture & Fisheries.