Varieties of Carrots: Exploring the Different Types of Carrots


Carrots are one of the most popular and versatile vegetables in the world. They come in various shapes, sizes, and colors, making them a perfect addition to any dish. In this article, we will introduce you to some of the different types of carrots.

One of the most common types of carrots is the chantenay carrot. Chantenay carrots are shorter and wider than other varieties, with roots that are typically 17-20cm in length and 5-7cm in diameter. They have a rounded shape, making them perfect for snacking and for use in soups and stews.

Another popular type of carrot is the nantes-type carrot. Nantes-type carrots have a slightly tapered shape and are grown mainly during spring and winter. They are known for their sweet, tender flesh and are a favorite among gardeners.

A lesser-known type of carrot is the oxheart carrot. Oxheart carrots have a unique, heart-shaped root and are characterized by their deep orange coloring and sweet flavor. They are ideal for eating raw, but can also be cooked or used in salads.

Lastly, we have the dragon carrot, which is a relatively new addition to the carrot family. Dragon carrots were developed by the UFIFAS before being introduced to the public. They come in a variety of captivating colors, ranging from purple to white, and are packed with important nutrients like vitamin A and antioxidants. Dragon carrots are not only tasty but also a healthy addition to any meal.

As you can see, there are many different types of carrots to choose from, each with its own characteristics and flavors. Whether you want a versatile carrot for cooking or a colorful one for your garden, there is a type of carrot for everyone. So next time you’re at the grocery store or planning your garden, don’t forget to grab some of these tasty and nutritious vegetables!

Carrot Varieties and Types

Carrots are a versatile vegetable that can be grown in various gardening conditions. They are known for their delicious taste and vibrant colors. Here are some carrot varieties and types that you might want to consider for your garden:

1. Danvers Carrots

Danvers carrots are a popular variety that grows best in light, sandy soils. They have a conical shape and are typically larger and wider than other types. Danvers carrots are known for their sweet taste and tender flesh, making them perfect for eating raw or cooking.

2. Chantenay Carrots

Chantenay carrots are an heirloom variety that is slightly shorter and thicker than other types. They have a cylindrical shape and grow best in clay soils. Chantenay carrots have a unique, sweet taste and are great for roasting or making carrot cakes.

3. Nantes Carrots

Nantes carrots are round and smooth, with a bright orange color. They are early to mature and can be harvested in 70-75 days. Nantes carrots have a crisp texture and sweet flavor, making them perfect for eating fresh or adding to salads.

4. Imperator Carrots

Imperator carrots are longer, slender carrots with a tapering shape. They are known for their deep orange color and excellent storage qualities. Imperator carrots are great for juicing and can be kept fresh for a longer time after harvesting.

5. Purple Carrots

Purple carrots, also known as cosmic or purple haze carrots, are a unique variety that comes in various shades of purple. They have a sweeter, earthy taste compared to orange carrots and are packed with antioxidants. Purple carrots can be used in cooking or enjoyed raw in salads.

6. Baby Carrots

Baby carrots are small and tender carrots that are harvested before they reach their full size. They are typically sweeter and more tender than larger carrots. Baby carrots can be enjoyed raw or used in cooking, and they are perfect for snacking or adding to lunchboxes.

No matter what carrot variety you choose to grow, make sure to provide them with the right growing conditions. Carrots prefer well-draining soil and require full sun for optimal growth. They can be grown in most gardening zones and should be planted in early March or before the last frost date, depending on your location. With the right care and attention, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious, homegrown carrots.

Nantes Carrot Varieties

The Nantes carrot is a popular variety that is known for its bright orange color, sweet taste, and crisp texture. It is one of the most popular carrot varieties in the world, and is particularly suited for growing in winter.

Nantes carrots are typically shorter and thicker in diameter than other carrot varieties. They have a blunt and slightly rounded point, which gives them their distinctive shape. This variety is also known for its high sugar content, making it exceptionally tasty.

The Nantes carrot is an ancient variety that was introduced to the world in the 17-20th century. It has since become a favorite among gardeners and farmers alike. These carrots are usually harvested in September, though they can be grown earlier in the season if the seeds are planted in early spring.

Nantes carrots are great for growing in heavy clay soils, as they have a shorter growth time compared to other varieties. They are also more resistant to diseases such as Alternaria, which is a common carrot disease. However, they still require proper care and attention to ensure their growth and taste.

The Nantes carrot varieties come in different colors, ranging from bright orange to deep red. This variety is known for its high levels of beta-carotene, which gives the carrots their vibrant coloring. These pigments are important for their nutritional value, as they contribute to the carrots’ high vitamin A content.

It is worth noting that Nantes carrot varieties can vary slightly in taste and coloring depending on the growing conditions. For example, carrots grown in Florida may have a sweeter taste and lighter coloring compared to those grown in colder climates. However, their overall qualities and characteristics remain the same.

Many publications have highlighted the nutritional benefits of Nantes carrots, particularly their high antioxidant content and their ability to improve overall health. They are also a popular choice for juicing and can be used in a variety of recipes, from soups and stews to salads and side dishes.

In conclusion, Nantes carrot varieties are a popular choice for those looking for a tasty and nutritious root vegetable. Whether you are an experienced gardener or a novice, these carrots can be easily grown in various soil types and climates. Their bright colors, sweet taste, and crisp texture make them a favorite among adults and children alike.


Carrots are a versatile and healthy root crop that can be grown in various types of soil. They were first cultivated in ancient times and have been a popular vegetable ever since. Carrots come in different varieties, each with its own unique characteristics.

One popular variety is the Nantes-type carrot, which is shorter and wider in diameter. The Nantes-type carrot has a bright orange color and a slightly cone-shaped root. It is known for its sweet and tasty flesh. Another popular variety is the Paris Market carrot, which is round and small in size. It has a bright orange color and a slightly oblong shape.

The Nelson carrot is an heirloom variety that has a long and slender root. It has a bright orange color and a sweet flavor. These carrots are best grown in loam or sandy loam soils.

If you’re looking for something unique, you might consider the Cosmic Purple carrot. This variety has a deep purple color and a slightly tapered root. It is rich in antioxidants and other healthy pigments.

Danvers carrots, on the other hand, are ideal for growing in heavier soils like clay or black earth. They have a slightly shorter root and a vibrant orange color. They are great for juicing or eating fresh.

Regardless of the variety you choose, carrots are generally easy to grow and require minimal care. They can be planted from seed in early spring or late summer and harvested in 70-80 days. Carrots are best harvested when they reach a length of 17-20cm, though they can be harvested earlier for smaller carrots.

Carrots can be enjoyed in a variety of ways, whether you eat them raw, cooked, or juiced. Their sweet and slightly earthy flavor makes them a popular ingredient in many dishes. Carrots are also a great source of vitamins and minerals, making them a healthy addition to any diet.

So the next time you go shopping for vegetables, don’t forget to pick up some carrots. Whether you choose the classic orange variety or opt for something more unique, you are sure to enjoy their delicious flavor and numerous health benefits.

Happy gardening!


Carrots come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors. From the small round Paris Market carrots to the long and slender Nantes carrots, they’re sure to satisfy any gardener’s taste.

Carrots are typically planted in March, although they can also be planted in September to extend the growing season. These root vegetables are heavy feeders and require well-draining soil rich in organic matter. They tend to grow best in full sun, but they can tolerate some shade.

Carrots are known for their delicious taste and are packed with nutrients. They’re rich in beta-carotene, which gives them their bright orange coloring. Carrots also contain other pigments like lycopene and anthocyanins, which contribute to their kaleidoscope of colors. The taste of carrots can vary depending on the variety. Some carrots have a sweet and tender flavor, while others have a more earthy and robust taste.

Carrots are also known for their versatility in the kitchen. They can be eaten raw, cooked, or used in a variety of dishes, from soups and stews to salads and desserts. Carrots can be grated, chopped, sliced, or juiced to add flavor and nutrition to any meal.

When buying carrots, it’s important to consider the qualities you’re looking for. If you want carrots with a crisp and tender texture, opt for baby carrots or Chantenay varieties. If you prefer larger carrots with a sweeter taste, look for Danvers or Oxheart carrots. Carrots are available year-round, but their availability and pricing may vary depending on the season and region.

Growing carrots can be a rewarding experience for both novice and experienced gardeners. They’re relatively easy to grow, but there are a few important factors to consider. Carrots should be planted in loose, sandy soil to allow for proper root growth. Heavy clay soil can cause misshapen and stunted carrots. Carrots require consistent watering, and it’s important to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. They should be planted in zones 3-10, depending on the variety and whether they’re grown as a spring or autumn crop.

With their delicious taste, vibrant colors, and various sizes, carrots can be a great addition to any garden. Whether you’re a novice gardener or a horticulture expert, growing your own organic carrots can provide you with the satisfaction of knowing exactly where your food comes from, and you’ll get to enjoy the freshest and tastiest carrots straight from your own backyard.

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Dr Heidi Parkes

By Dr Heidi Parkes

Senior Information Extension Officer QLD Dept of Agriculture & Fisheries.