The Ultimate Guide to Growing Pulmonaria Plants: All You Need to Know About Lungwort


Lungwort, also known as pulmonaria plants, is a type of flowering plant that is native to forested areas in some parts of the world. These plants are particularly valued for their attractive foliage, which often features speckling or unique patterns. Lungwort gets its name from its botanical usage, as its leaves were thought to resemble the tissue of lungs. In addition to their attractive foliage, lungwort plants also produce beautiful flowers that come in a range of colors, including shades of purple, pink, and white.

One of the main attributes that makes lungwort plants special is their ability to grow in areas with poor air quality or pollution. Due to their natural habitat in forested zones, where air quality can suffer from high levels of pollution, these plants have adapted to effectively filter out toxins and help purify the surrounding air. This makes lungwort an excellent choice for gardens located in urban areas or regions with less than ideal air quality.

When it comes to growing lungwort, there are a few important things to keep in mind. First, these plants prefer a semi-shaded location, although they can tolerate full sun in cooler climates. Lungwort plants also require well-draining soil and should be watered regularly, especially during dry spells. However, overwatering should be avoided, as it can lead to root rot and other diseases.

In terms of spacing, lungwort plants should be planted about 12 to 18 inches apart to allow for proper airflow and prevent the spread of diseases or pests. It’s also recommended to fertilize lungwort plants once a year in early spring to promote healthy growth and abundant blooms. Deadheading, or removing spent flowers, is also beneficial for encouraging more blooms throughout the growing season.

Lungwort plants are known for their ability to attract beneficial insects, such as bees and butterflies, to the garden. Their flowers provide a valuable source of nectar, making the plants a welcome sight for pollinators. In addition to their attractive flowers, lungwort plants also have attractive foliage that can add visual interest to any garden. Some varieties have leaves with unique silver or white markings, while others have green leaves with speckling or marbling.

In conclusion, lungwort plants are an excellent choice for gardeners looking to add color and interest to their gardens. With their beautiful flowers, attractive foliage, and ability to tolerate poor air quality, lungwort is a versatile and hardy plant that can thrive in a variety of growing zones. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or just starting out, lungwort is definitely a plant worth considering for your garden.

Plant of the Week

The Lungwort (Pulmonaria) is our featured plant this week. This easy-to-grow perennial is commonly known for its attractive foliage and beautiful, colorful blooms.

Growing Information

Plant Lungwort in a location where it will receive partial shade to full shade. It prefers moist, well-drained soil. In addition, it does well in zones 3 to 9. Lungwort typically grows to a size of about 12 to 18 inches in height with a spread of 12 to 24 inches.

For optimal growth, amend the soil with organic matter and keep it evenly moist. While Lungwort can tolerate drought conditions, it prefers consistent moisture. Deadheading the flowers is not necessary, but it can extend blooming time and improve the overall appearance of the plant.

Lungwort is not prone to many diseases or pests. However, it may wilt if exposed to prolonged periods of hot, dry weather. Adequate moisture is important to keep the plant healthy.


Lungwort can be easily propagated by division. Simply divide the plant in early spring or after it finishes blooming. Make sure each division has a good amount of roots and foliage.


The Lungwort has attractive foliage with silver spots and patterns. The flowers come in various colors, including pink, blue, and purple. The blooms are tubular in shape and are often compared to lung tissue. This is how the plant got its common name.

Plant Care

Lungwort is a low-maintenance plant that only needs minimal care. Ensure it receives adequate moisture and light. In addition, removing dead leaves and flowers will help keep the plant looking tidy.

Plant Uses

Lungwort is commonly grown in gardens as a ground cover or border plant. Its attractive foliage and colorful flowers add beauty to any garden. It also attracts pollinators such as bees and butterflies.

In addition, Lungwort has some thought to have medicinal properties. It has been used in traditional medicine for respiratory conditions due to its lung-like appearance.

With its ease of care, attractive foliage, and beautiful blooms, Lungwort is a wonderful plant to consider for your garden. Whether you plant it in borders, rock gardens, or woodland gardens, it will surely add beauty to any space.

Lungwort lung lichen Lobaria pulmonaria L Hoffm

Lungwort lung lichen (Lobaria pulmonaria L Hoffm) is a type of lichen that is commonly found in gardens. It is known for its attractive foliage and unique habit.

Size: Lungwort lung lichen can grow up to a size of a tissue to over a foot in diameter.

Characteristics: The foliage of lungwort lung lichen is a combination of pink, purple, and green colors, making it a visually striking plant. It is thought to get its name “lungwort” from the spotted foliage, which was believed to resemble the appearance of lungs.

Growing conditions: Lungwort lung lichen thrives in shady areas with a moist and well-draining soil. It is commonly planted in gardens alongside other shade-loving plants.

Propagation: Lungwort lung lichen can be propagated through division or by taking stem cuttings. It is important to note that lichens are a symbiotic relationship between fungi and algae, so they cannot be grown from seeds.

Care and maintenance: Lungwort lung lichen is a low-maintenance plant and does not have any common pests or diseases. Watering should be done once a week, or more if the soil feels dry. Deadheading the flowers will promote more blooms.

Lungwort lung lichen is an attractive addition to any garden, with its unique foliage and beautiful flowers. It is a great choice for those looking to add some color to their shady spots.

For More Information

For more information on growing lungwort plants, you can refer to the following resources:

– A comprehensive guide on lungwort care and cultivation can be found at [insert website name here]. This guide covers topics such as the basics of lungwort plants, including their preferred growing zones, size, and flower characteristics.

– If you are interested in specific lungwort varieties and their names, [insert website name here] provides a detailed list of hybrid lungwort plants, along with information on their growth habits and flower colors.

– For those interested in the botanically named types of lungworts, [insert website name here] offers a wealth of information on the different species and their attributes, including foliage characteristics and flower types.

– If you need guidance on how to propagate lungwort plants, [insert website name here] provides step-by-step instructions on various propagation methods, such as division and stem cuttings.

– To learn more about the special care lungworts need, including pruning techniques and fertilizer requirements, [insert website name here] offers in-depth articles on maintaining healthy lungwort plants.

– For information on where lungworts thrive best, [insert website name here] provides insights on their preferred exposure, soil conditions, and planting locations. Whether you have a shady spot in the garden or a full-sun area, there are lungworts suitable for both locations.

– If you’re curious about the history and folklore surrounding lungwort plants, [insert website name here] shares interesting tidbits and stories about this ancient plant. From its use in traditional medicine to its symbolic associations, lungwort holds a rich cultural significance.

– For reviews and testimonials on different lungwort varieties and their performance in various gardens, [insert website name here] features real-life experiences from gardeners who have grown lungworts. This can provide valuable insights and guidance when selecting lungwort plants for your own garden.

Remember to consult reputable sources and multiple references to ensure accurate and comprehensive information on growing lungwort plants.

Lungwort A Guide to Growing Pulmonaria Plants

Lungwort, also known by its botanical name Pulmonaria, is a type of plant that is easy to grow and has attractive foliage and flowers. It is commonly planted in shady gardens and is native to both Europe and the United States. Lungwort is known for its unique attributes, such as its spotted or speckled leaves and its early bloom time.

When growing lungwort, it is important to choose the right location for the plant. Lungworts thrive in shady areas and can tolerate a variety of soil types. However, they prefer moist, well-draining soil that has been amended with organic matter. They are best suited for USDA hardiness zones 3-9.

One of the most attractive features of lungwort is its foliage. The leaves are usually green, but some varieties have purple or silver markings. The flowers of lungwort are tubular in shape and come in a variety of colors, including pink, purple, and white. The blooms appear in early spring and can last for several weeks.

In order to keep your lungwort plants looking their best, it is important to provide them with the care they need. Regular watering is essential, especially during dry periods. Deadheading the spent flowers will encourage the plant to produce more blooms. Pruning can also be done after the flowers fade to maintain the plant’s size and shape.

Common Name Botanical Name Hardiness Zones Attributes
Lungwort Pulmonaria 3-9 Attractive foliage and early blooms

Lungwort plants are generally disease resistant, but they can suffer from fungal diseases, such as powdery mildew. To prevent this, it is important to provide good air circulation around the plants and avoid overhead watering. If fungal diseases do occur, they can be treated with a fungicide.

Overall, lungwort is an easy and rewarding plant to grow. With its unique foliage and beautiful flowers, it is sure to add color and interest to any garden. Whether planted in borders or containers, lungwort is a versatile plant that will thrive in shady locations. By following this guide, you will be able to successfully grow and care for lungwort plants in your own garden.

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Dr Heidi Parkes

By Dr Heidi Parkes

Senior Information Extension Officer QLD Dept of Agriculture & Fisheries.