The Best Species and Varieties of Dracaena Plants: Exploring Different Types of Dracaena for Your Home or Garden


Dracaena plants are a popular choice for indoor gardening due to their ease of care and attractive foliage. One of the most popular varieties is the Dracaena ‘Limelight’, known for its vibrant green and yellow leaves. This multiple-stemmed plant is a song to behold and can add a touch of surprise to any space.

Another popular species is the Dracaena ‘Tricolor’ with its lance-shaped leaves that have longer white stripes along the edges. This plant is highly sought after for its stunning coloring and is a perfect addition to any indoor garden.

The Dracaena ‘Compacta’ is a highly compact variety native to Madagascar. It is known for its palm-like appearance with its hundred or more narrow leaflets. This slow-growing plant is a true delight and is sure to bring a touch of elegance to any home or office.

One of the rarest species of Dracaena is the Dracaena ‘Warneckii’. This plant has been derived from the Dracaena ‘Florida Beauty’ and is renowned for its stunning variegation. The leaves of this plant are known to resemble dust in coloring, with shades of green, brown, and white. It is a true gem and should be used as a guide for anyone looking to add a unique touch to their indoor space.

One of the most popular Dracaena plants is the Dracaena Massangeana, also known as the Cornstalk Dracaena. This plant is recommended for beginners due to its ease of care and its tolerance to a wide range of lighting conditions. It is a beautiful plant with its wide, broad leaves and is often used to bring a touch of nature inside.

Lastly, the Dracaena Draco, also known as the Dragon Tree, is a majestic plant that is native to the Canary Islands. This plant is highly prized for its palm-like appearance and its ability to grow in both indoor and outdoor spaces. The leaves of this plant are not only beautiful, but they also have a reddish coloring, adding a touch of depth to any space.

In conclusion, there are numerous types of Dracaena plants that are highly recommended for indoor gardening. From the compact and elegant ‘Warneckii’ to the palm-like ‘Draco’, each variety has its own unique charm. If you’re looking to add a touch of nature and beauty to your indoor space, consider adding a Dracaena plant to your collection.

15 Types Of Dracaena Houseplants

  • The horticultural world offers a variety of dracaena houseplants, each with their own unique features and characteristics.
  • One popular type is the Dracaena marginata, also known as the Madagascar dragon tree. It has long, slender leaves with red edges, making it a striking addition to any indoor or outdoor garden.
  • Another interesting variety is the Dracaena reflexa, also called the song of India. It features glossy, lance-shaped leaves and is native to tropical regions of Asia and Africa.
  • The Dracaena fragrans, commonly known as the corn plant, is a slow-growing dracaena with long, arching leaves. It is one of the most popular types of dracaena houseplants.
  • The Dracaena compacta, also called the Janet Craig, is a compact variety that can grow up to 8 feet tall. It has dark green, lance-shaped leaves and is an easy-care plant.
  • For those looking for a pop of color, the Dracaena deremensis ‘Limelight’ is a great choice. Its bright green leaves with yellow speckles add a touch of brightness to any space.
  • If you prefer a more minimalist look, the Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’ is a great option. It has long, sword-shaped leaves that are green with a yellow stripe down the center.
  • The Dracaena marginata ‘Colorama’ is another variety of the Madagascar dragon tree. Its leaves have a distinct red color that adds a touch of drama to any garden.
  • The Dracaena marginata ‘Variegata’ is a popular indoor plant variety. Its leaves are green with white stripes, creating a beautiful contrast.
  • The Dracaena godseffiana, also known as the gold dust dracaena, is a smaller variety with speckled gold leaves. It is an easy-care plant that can thrive in both indoor and outdoor environments.
  • The Dracaena sanderiana, commonly known as the lucky bamboo, is a small, easy-care dracaena that is often grown in water. It is considered a symbol of good luck and is commonly used in feng shui.
  • If you’re looking for a unique variety, the Dracaena arborea is a great choice. It is a rare dracaena species that can be grown both indoors and outdoors.
  • The Dracaena warneckii is another popular variety. It has sword-shaped leaves with green and white stripes and can be grown indoors or outdoors, making it a versatile choice for any gardener.
  • The Dracaena reflexa ‘Goldieana’ is a striking variety with bright yellow and green leaves. It is a slow grower and prefers indirect light.
  • For those who enjoy bonsai gardening, the Dracaena bonsai is a popular choice. It is a dwarf variety that has a twisted trunk and small, lance-shaped leaves.
  • Finally, the Dracaena trifasciata, also known as the snake plant or mother-in-law’s tongue, is a hardy plant that can thrive both indoors and outdoors. It has long, sword-shaped leaves with creamy yellow bands.

With so many types of dracaena houseplants to choose from, you’re sure to find one that suits your gardening style and preferences. Whether you’re a master gardener or just starting out, dracaenas are known for their easy-care nature and striking features.

The Dracaena Genus

The Dracaena genus is a diverse group of plants that includes many popular species and varieties. One of the most well-known dracaenas is the Dracaena fragrans, also known as the corn plant. This indoor plant is easy to care for and can tolerate low light conditions. It has long, lance-shaped leaves that are green with yellow or white stripes, giving it a dramatic look.

Another popular dracaena is the Dracaena marginata, commonly known as the dragon tree. This plant has thin, arching leaves that are green with red edges, giving it a vibrant and eye-catching appearance. The Dracaena marginata is a slow-growing plant that can reach heights of up to 15 feet.

The Dracaena reflexa, also known as the song of India, is another popular species. It has broad, lance-shaped leaves that are green with yellow or white speckles. This plant is often used indoors and can tolerate a wide range of light conditions.

One of the most unique dracaenas is the Dracaena draco, also known as the dragon’s blood tree. This plant is native to the Canary Islands and has a thick trunk with thin, pointed leaves that grow in a rosette pattern. The leaves are a deep green color that sometimes has a red tinge. The Dracaena draco is a slow-growing plant and can live for hundreds of years.

For those looking for a dracaena with a touch of gold, the Dracaena godseffiana ‘Golden Coast’ is a great option. This plant has vibrant green leaves with golden yellow stripes, adding a pop of color to any space.

When it comes to caring for dracaenas, they are generally low-maintenance plants. They prefer bright, indirect light, but can also tolerate lower light conditions. Dracaenas should be watered when the top inch of soil is dry, and they prefer to dry out a bit between waterings. They are also drought-tolerant plants and can go longer periods without water.

In conclusion, the Dracaena genus offers a wide variety of plants that can add beauty and drama to any space. Whether you prefer a plant with vibrant colors or a more subtle look, there is a dracaena species or variety that will suit your preferences. With their easy care requirements and unique foliage, dracaenas are a great choice for both experienced and novice plant owners.

1 D fragrans ‘Massangeana’

The D. fragrans ‘Massangeana’ is a popular species of Dracaena plants. It is also known as the ‘Corn Plant’ due to its stiff, long leaves that resemble corn stalks. This species is sold in nurseries and is a favorite among houseplant enthusiasts.

The ‘Massangeana’ variety is native to the islands of Madagascar and Australia. It typically grows to heights of 16 feet, although it can be kept smaller with regular pruning. The snake-like leaves of the plant are green with yellow and light green stripes running along the edges, giving it a distinctly captivating appearance.

This variety of Dracaena prefers to be planted in well-draining soil and kept in indirect sunlight. It can tolerate lower light conditions but will exhibit slower growth. The ‘Massangeana’ is a great indoor plant choice and is common in homes and offices due to its air-purifying properties.

In addition to its air purifying qualities, the D. fragrans ‘Massangeana’ is also known for its ease of care. It can be grown in various ways, including as a houseplant, in a garden, or in containers. Its low-maintenance nature makes it a popular choice for both beginner and experienced gardeners.

The ‘Massangeana’ variety is just one of the many species and varieties of Dracaena plants available. Other notable species include the ‘Gold Dust’ Dracaena, the ‘Twist’ Dracaena, the ‘Florida Beauty’ Dracaena, and the rare ‘Dracaena Draco’ or ‘Dragon’s Blood’ tree.

Variety Description
Gold Dust Dracaena This variety has small yellow spots or speckles on its dark green leaves.
Twist Dracaena This variety has twisted leaves, giving it a unique and exotic appearance.
Florida Beauty Dracaena This variety has broad leaves with white and green band variegation.
Dracaena Draco (Dragon’s Blood tree) This rare variety is compact and has narrow leaves with red edges, resembling dragon scales.

Dracaena plants, including the D. fragrans ‘Massangeana’, are members of the Asparagaceae family. They are easy to care for and can be used in various ways to enhance indoor and outdoor spaces. Whether you are looking for a little green to brighten up your home, or an exotic addition to your garden, there is sure to be a Dracaena variety that fits your gardening needs.

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Dr Heidi Parkes

By Dr Heidi Parkes

Senior Information Extension Officer QLD Dept of Agriculture & Fisheries.