Step-by-Step Guide to Successfully Cultivating Geraniums in Your Garden


Geraniums, also known as Pelargonium, are a popular choice for gardeners looking to add a splash of color to their outdoor space. These beautiful flowers come in a variety of colors and are easy to grow, making them a great addition to any garden.

One of the key factors for successfully growing geraniums is finding the right location. Geraniums prefer full sunlight, so it’s important to plant them in an area where they will receive at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight each day. They can tolerate some shade, but their bloomers may not be as abundant in these conditions.

Geraniums are typically grown as annuals, but they can be overwintered in colder climates. These plants are not frost tolerant, so if you live in a zone where the temperatures dip below freezing, it’s best to bring them indoors or treat them as annuals. If you choose to overwinter your geraniums, you’ll need to dig them up and store them in a cool, dark place for the winter.

When it comes to soil, geraniums are not too picky. They can handle a wide range of soil types, but they prefer well-draining soil with a slightly acidic pH. It’s a good idea to amend the soil with organic matter, such as compost or peat moss, to help improve drainage and fertility.

Fertilizer is also important for keeping your geraniums happy and healthy. During the growing season, it’s best to use a balanced fertilizer every four to six weeks. You’ll want to feed your plants sparingly, as using too much fertilizer can lead to excessive foliage growth at the expense of blooms.

When it comes to pruning, geraniums are fairly low maintenance. They have a bushy habit and can tolerate light pruning to shape their appearance. Pruning will also help to promote more compact growth and encourage more blooms. You can also deadhead spent flowers to keep your plants looking neat and encourage continuous blooming.

Geraniums are generally disease-resistant, but they can be susceptible to certain pests and diseases, such as spider mites and powdery mildew. To prevent these issues, it’s a good idea to keep your plants spaced apart to allow for good air circulation and to water at the base of the plant to minimize moisture on the leaves.

Overall, geraniums are versatile plants that can thrive in a variety of garden settings, from containers to flower beds. With proper care and maintenance, these beautiful flowers will reward you with their vibrant colors and lovely blooms year-round.

Keep Going Natural

Geraniums are a popular choice for gardeners who want to keep a low maintenance garden. These plants are known for their ability to tolerate drought conditions and their resistance to pests and diseases. With their vibrant colors and beautiful blooms, geraniums are sure to add a touch of beauty to any outdoor space.

Whether you choose to grow geraniums as annuals or perennials, you’ll find that they are easy to care for and will provide you with a long-lasting source of natural beauty. So, if you’re looking for a plant that can thrive in a variety of conditions and bring color into your garden year after year, give geraniums a try!

Are Geraniums Perennials or Annuals w pictures

In gardens and settings all over the world, geraniums are a popular plant choice for their beautiful flowers and ease of cultivation. But are geraniums perennials or annuals? Let’s take a closer look at this question.

There are many different types of geraniums, but when it comes to their growing habits, they can be divided into two main categories: perennials and annuals.

Perennial geraniums, also known as hardy geraniums, are true perennials, meaning they will come back year after year. They are typically hardy in zones 3-8 and can tolerate a wide range of growing conditions. Perennial geraniums are often grown for their beautiful flowers, which come in a wide range of colors and forms.

Annual geraniums, on the other hand, are not true geraniums, but rather they belong to the genus Pelargonium. Annual geraniums are typically grown as bedding plants or container plants and are known for their large, showy flowers. They are not winter hardy and will not survive the cold temperatures in most zones.

So, what about overwintering geraniums in colder zones? While most annual geraniums won’t survive the winter, there are some ways to keep them alive until the next growing season. One way is to bring them indoors and keep them in a sunny location throughout the winter. Another option is to take cuttings from your geranium plants and root them in water or well-drained soil to start new plants for the next year.

Perennial geraniums, on the other hand, are hardy and can handle the cold temperatures of winter. They will go dormant during this time, but will come back to life in the spring. If you live in a colder zone and want to overwinter your geraniums, you can place them in a dormant state by cutting them back, digging them up, and storing them in a cool, dark place such as a basement or garage.

Geranium Geranium Geranium

Whether you choose to grow geraniums as perennials or annuals, there are plenty of options and many beautiful varieties to choose from. So, if you’re looking to add some color and beauty to your garden, consider giving geraniums a try!


Geraniums, also known as pelargoniums, are a popular choice for many gardeners. If you are considering adding them to your garden, you may be wondering whether they are perennials or annuals. The answer is that geraniums can be both perennials and annuals, depending on the variety.

The majority of geraniums that you will find at your local garden center or nursery are annuals. This means that they complete their life cycle within one year. They are typically grown from seedlings and bloom all summer long. Once the frost hits, they die off and will need to be replanted the following year.

However, there are some geraniums that are perennials. These varieties will come back year after year without needing to be replanted. They tend to have a more evergreen habit and can tolerate cold winter climates.

If you choose to grow perennial geraniums, you need to be aware of their growth habit. They tend to spread and can take up a lot of ground space, so it’s recommended to give them a full exposure to the sun. They can also be grown in partial shade, but they may not bloom as prolifically.

If you’re wondering how to care for perennial geraniums, the basics are similar to caring for the annual ones. They prefer well-draining soil and should be planted deeply. They tend to be drought-tolerant once established, but regular watering is still recommended, especially during hot spells.

While geraniums are generally considered to be easy to care for, there are a few things to keep in mind. Some varieties of geraniums can be toxic if ingested, so it’s important to be mindful if you have pets or small children. They also tend to attract pests and diseases such as aphids and powdery mildew. Regular inspection and treatment can help prevent these issues.

If you want to propagate your geraniums, it is best to do so in the spring. You can take stem cuttings and root them in water or soil. Another method is to divide the plants when they are dormant or just beginning to emerge in the spring. This allows you to create new plants and increase your geranium collection.

In conclusion, geraniums can be both annuals and perennials. It is important to know which variety you are working with to determine its growth habits and care requirements. Whether you choose to cultivate annual or perennial geraniums, they are a beautiful addition to any garden with their vibrant blooms and variety of colors, from classic red to variegated maroon and even lavender.


– “Growing Geraniums in Your Garden” blog

– The Royal Horticultural Society

– Gardening Know How

– Gardener’s World

Yes, some geraniums are perennials. They come back year after year, with an evergreen habit and the ability to tolerate cold winter climates. Yes, most geraniums are annuals. They complete their life cycle within one year, blooming all summer long and dying off with the frost.
They can take up a lot of ground space and are best grown in full sun, although they can tolerate partial shade. They are typically grown from seedlings and bloom all summer long. Once the frost hits, they die off and will need to be replanted.
Caring for perennial geraniums is similar to caring for annual ones. They prefer well-draining soil and should be planted deeply. Regular watering is recommended for annual geraniums, as they can be drought-tolerant once established.
Some varieties of geraniums can be toxic if ingested, so it’s important to be mindful if you have pets or small children. Annual geraniums tend to attract pests and diseases such as aphids and powdery mildew.
Propagation of perennial geraniums is best done in the spring by taking stem cuttings or dividing the plants when they are dormant. Propagation of annual geraniums is possible through seedlings or by taking stem cuttings.


The genus Pelargonium includes over 200 species of perennials, some of which are commonly known as geraniums. While often confused with true geraniums (genus Geranium), pelargoniums have different growth habits and flower colors. Many pelargoniums are hybrids, cultivated for their captivating colors and habits. They are best planted in well-drained soil and thrive in a sunny location.

Pelargoniums tend to be somewhat toxic to humans and pets, so handle them with care. They have a variety of growth habits, from groundcovers to climbing plants. Some pelargoniums have variegated foliage or spotted flowers, adding an extra touch of color to your garden.

In colder zones, pelargoniums can be grown as annuals or brought inside during the winter. In more mild regions, they may be considered hardy perennials, as they can survive year-round. Most pelargonium species are hardy to Zone 10 or 11, while some hybrids may be hardy down to Zone 9.

When cultivating pelargoniums, it’s important to amend the soil with organic matter and provide regular watering. They prefer a soil pH of 6.0-7.0 and can benefit from occasional fertilization. In regions where they go dormant, it’s best to cut back the plants and apply a layer of mulch to protect them during the winter.

Pelargoniums come in a wide range of colors, including shades of pink, red, white, and lavender. They also come in various height/spread settings, so be sure to choose the right plant for your garden space. Some pelargoniums can reach a height of 3 feet or more, while others stay shorter and more compact.

The survivability of pelargoniums varies depending on the species and hybrids. Some are more cold-hardy than others, so it’s important to do your research and choose pelargoniums that are suitable for your climate. In general, pelargoniums are relatively easy to grow and can provide year-round beauty in your garden.

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Dr Heidi Parkes

By Dr Heidi Parkes

Senior Information Extension Officer QLD Dept of Agriculture & Fisheries.