Mastering the Art of Home Gardening: Growing and Caring for Persimmons in Your Own Backyard


The persimmon is a well-known fruit that is native to Asia and is now grown in many areas of the world. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) recognizes a variety of persimmon cultivars, with the most common being the yellow, non-astringent variety.

One of the reasons persimmons are so popular is that they can be enjoyed at different stages of ripeness. When the fruits are still firm and crisp, many people like to eat them like an apple. As they ripen, the flesh becomes soft and sweet, making them perfect for use in desserts or as a snack.

Persimmons are generally easy to grow and can even be grown in areas with colder winters. They are self-pollinating, which means you only need one tree to get fruits. While some varieties may require a male tree for better pollination, many cultivars are self-sufficient.

When planting persimmons, it is important to choose a location with well-drained soil and full sunlight. These trees are also drought-tolerant, making them perfect for areas with hot summers. However, they can be sensitive to freezing temperatures, so it’s best to protect them during the winter months.

There are numerous persimmon varieties to choose from, each with its own unique characteristics. One popular variety is the Hachiya, which has a thin, smooth skin and a tangy flesh. Another favorite is the Fuyu, which is known for its crunchy texture and sweet flavor. Some other varieties include the Saijo, Maekawa, Izu, and Triumph.

Whether you’re a seasoned persimmon grower or just starting out, these fruits are a delicious addition to any home garden. With their versatile use in recipes and their ability to thrive in various climates, persimmons are a true delight for any gardener. So, why not give them a try and experience the joy of growing your own persimmons?

Choosing The Right Persimmon Tree

When it comes to choosing the right persimmon tree for your garden, there are a few factors to consider. The first thing to think about is the space you have available. Persimmon trees can grow quite tall, so make sure you have enough room for the tree to spread its branches.

In addition to space, you’ll also need to consider the type of persimmon tree you want to grow. There are two main types: astringent and non-astringent. Astringent varieties like the Hachiya and the Prok are very tart when they are not fully ripe, but become sweet and delicious when they are. Non-astringent varieties like the Fuyu and the Suruga are sweet even when they are still firm.

Another consideration is the time of year that the persimmons will be ready to harvest. Some varieties, like the Suruga, will ripen in late summer, while others, like the Hachiya, won’t be ready to harvest until the first frost. Knowing when your persimmon tree will produce fruit is important if you have a specific time frame in mind for using them in your recipes – whether it’s for pies, salads, or other culinary delights.

It’s also worth noting that some persimmon trees are self-pollinating, while others require cross-pollination with another variety. If you choose a self-pollinating tree, you’ll only need one tree to get a good harvest. However, if you choose a tree that requires cross-pollination, you’ll need to plant at least two different varieties in order to ensure a bountiful harvest.

In terms of growing conditions, persimmon trees are quite hardy and can tolerate a range of climates. They do best in full sun and well-drained soil. They are generally drought-tolerant once established, but do benefit from regular watering during dry spells.

When it comes to diseases, persimmon trees can be affected by a few different issues. One of the most common diseases is root rot, which can be caused by overwatering or poor drainage. Leaf spot and powdery mildew are also common in persimmon trees, but these can be controlled with proper pruning and care.

In summary, when choosing the right persimmon tree for your garden, consider the space you have available, the type of persimmons you prefer, the time of year they will ripen, whether they are self-pollinating or require cross-pollination, and the growing conditions that they prefer. With a little care and attention, your persimmon tree will flourish and provide you with a bountiful harvest year after year.

Home Garden Persimmons

Home garden persimmons are a popular choice for many gardeners due to their smooth texture and tangy flavor. These unique fruits require proper pollination to ensure a bountiful harvest. With the right instructions, you can successfully grow persimmons in your own backyard.

Persimmons are slightly acidic fruits that are native to Florida and other parts of the southern United States. There are two main types of persimmons: astringent and non-astringent. Some popular cultivars include Rojo Brillante, Giombo, and Fuyu. These cultivars differ in their flowering and pollination needs.

Most persimmon trees are self-pollinating, but having a second tree as a pollen source can increase fruit production. The trees are typically grown in USDA hardiness zones 7-10, although some varieties can tolerate colder climates.

When choosing persimmon trees for your garden, look for certified disease-free trees. Young persimmon trees usually start producing fruit within 3-4 years after planting. The fruit is typically harvested in late fall and can be eaten fresh or used in salads and recipes.

The fruit of a non-astringent persimmon can be eaten when it is firm, while the astringent varieties need to fully ripen before they can be enjoyed. They are usually reddish-orange in color when ripe.

Persimmon trees tend to be relatively pest and disease resistant. However, they may suffer from common insect pests such as aphids or spider mites. It is essential to provide well-drained soil and regular watering to keep the trees healthy.

In summary, growing persimmons in your home garden can be a rewarding experience. These fruit trees offer a unique and delicious addition to your landscape. With proper care and attention, you can enjoy the tasty fruits of your labor.

Types of Persimmons Flowering USDA Zones
Rojo Brillante Similar to Giombo 7-10
Fuyu Self-pollinating 4-10
Triumph Annual flowering 7

Note: The USDA zones mentioned above may vary depending on the specific cultivar and local climate conditions.

Site and Soil Requirements

When it comes to growing persimmons, choosing the right site and soil is crucial for their success. Persimmon trees are quite vigorous and require full sun to flourish. They are also picky about soil conditions and drainage. The ideal soil type for persimmons is well-drained and slightly acidic.

The USDA hardiness zones for growing persimmons range from 7-10, although some varieties, such as the American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana), can tolerate colder climates as low as zone 4. Before planting, it’s essential to know your plant hardiness zone to ensure your persimmons will thrive.

Persimmon trees need good drainage because they are sensitive to overly wet conditions. If your soil doesn’t drain well, it may be necessary to improve it by amending it with organic matter or planting your persimmons in raised beds. Good drainage ensures that the roots don’t become waterlogged, preventing root rot and other diseases.

In terms of soil pH, persimmons prefer slightly acidic soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0. If your soil is too alkaline, you can lower the pH by adding organic matter or sulfur to the soil.

It’s worth mentioning that persimmons are not particularly pest or disease-prone. While they may suffer from certain pests or diseases, such as root-knot nematodes, aphids, or fungal diseases, these issues are relatively easy to manage with proper care and attention. Regularly inspect your trees for signs of pests or diseases and take appropriate measures to control them.

In areas where late-season frosts are common, it’s essential to plant persimmons in locations with good air circulation to prevent damage to the flowers or young fruit. Cold air tends to settle in low-lying areas, so avoid planting persimmons in these spots. Instead, choose a location on a slight slope or ridge where cold air can flow away more easily.

Persimmons are known for their bright orange or yellow fruits that ripen in late autumn or winter. Depending on the variety, persimmons can be divided into two main types: astringent (Hachiya, Giombo) and non-astringent (Fuyu, Jiro). Astringent persimmons are bitter and astringent unless allowed to fully ripen, whereas non-astringent persimmons can be eaten even when still firm. Both types are equally delicious, but the choice ultimately depends on personal preference.

Some popular persimmon varieties include “Fuyu,” “Jiro,” “Eureka,” and “Triumph.” Each variety has its own unique flavor and characteristics. For example, “Fuyu” persimmons are sweet and can be eaten when still slightly firm, while “Jiro” persimmons are small and said to have a sweeter flavor. “Eureka” persimmons, on the other hand, are known for their excellent firmness and good keeping quality.

When buying persimmons, it’s important to choose fruits that are slightly soft to the touch but not mushy. Avoid fruits with blemishes or bruises, as they may have already started to spoil. Make sure the skin is bright and glossy, indicating freshness.

In conclusion, persimmons are a great addition to any home garden. They are easy to grow, require minimal care, and provide delicious fruits that can be enjoyed throughout the winter season. With the right site and soil conditions, persimmon trees will thrive and reward you with an abundant harvest year after year.


When it comes to persimmons, there are several varieties that you can choose from, each with its own unique characteristics. Here are some commonly grown persimmon varieties you might find interesting:

Jiro: This variety is known for its attractive orange-red color and its sweet and juicy flesh. It is a medium-sized persimmon tree that is easy to care for and does well in a wide range of climates.

Saijo: Saijo persimmons are widely regarded as one of the best-tasting persimmons. They have a rich and complex flavor with hints of cinnamon and brown sugar. Saijo persimmon trees require well-draining soil and are best planted in acidic soil.

Brillante: Brillante is a popular persimmon variety in Florida. It has a crisp texture and a sweet flavor. Brillante persimmons are known for their high sugar content, making them a favorite among those with a sweet tooth. They are also resistant to many diseases and pests, making them a low-maintenance choice for home gardeners.

Fuyu: Fuyu persimmons are a popular choice for eating fresh. They have a unique flat shape and their flesh remains firm even when fully ripe. Fuyu persimmon trees require well-draining soil and are best planted in full sun. The fruiting season for Fuyu persimmons is typically in the winter months.

American persimmon: This type of persimmon is native to the United States and is commonly found in the wild. American persimmons are small in size and have a sweet, jelly-like flesh. They are known for their unique flavor that has been compared to chocolate and winter spices.

These are just a few examples of persimmon varieties that you can choose from. Whether you are using them for eating fresh, baking, or using them in various recipes, persimmons are a versatile and delicious fruit that is worth adding to your home garden.

Remember that persimmons prefer well-draining soil and they do best in USDA hardiness zones 6-10. Before planting persimmon trees, make sure to research the specific requirements for the variety you choose to ensure that they will thrive in your garden.

✿ Read More About Fruit Trees.

Dr Heidi Parkes

By Dr Heidi Parkes

Senior Information Extension Officer QLD Dept of Agriculture & Fisheries.