Love Peonies But Live Out Of Their Growing Zone? Try Planting This Colorful Flower

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Love Peonies But Live Out Of Their Growing Zone? Try Planting This Colorful Flower

Peonies are a popular spring-blooming perennial loved for their colorful and floriferous blooms that light up the late spring garden. These plants require cold winter temperatures to benefit their growth cycle, which makes growing peonies in warmer zones quite tricky. However, there is a warm-weather perennial that looks similar to peonies, and it is perfect for warmer garden zones. The camellia has fluffy petals in shades of pink and white, making it a notable peony lookalike. Camellias thrive in USDA Zones 7-9 and are easy to grow in the garden. They are also long-lived, much like peonies.

Camellia shrubs have full, many-petalled flowers that can bloom from November through April in optimal conditions. Being a tropical plant, camellias thrive in warm, humid weather. However, they do not do well with salty air, so they are not suitable for coastal planting. Camellia shrubs are evergreen, with waxy, dark green leaves that remain attractive year-round. They come in a range of sizes, from small and compact to large and sprawling, and the variety of colors is breathtaking. You can check out the options available in local nurseries or via mail order to choose the best size, shape, and color that suits your garden.

Choosing the best camellia for your garden

white camellia

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Camellias come in a number of beautiful cultivars for home gardeners. The shrubs grow in a wide, rounded shape, and their mature heights range in size from 4 to 16 feet tall, with most varieties somewhere between 6 to 10 feet tall. The flower petals may be in a single layer, with pretty gold-yellow stamens, or they may be doubles with fluffy layers of petals. The colors of camellia flowers range from snow white to cream, light pink, rose pink, bright pink, lavender, and red, mostly solid colors but some with variegated petals.

Some of the most popular varieties are Bonnie Marie (fluffy rose pink double flowers), Fragrant Pink (deliciously scented, small lavender-pink double flowers), Black Magic (dark coral red double), Debutante (light pink flowers that resemble roses), and Margaret Davis (white with dark red edges). There are also several slightly more cold-tolerant hybrid camellias, hardy to Zone 6, including April Blush (pale apricot-pink singles), Snow Flurry (bright white double flowers that resemble peonies), and Winter’s Star (delicate pink single blooms).

Different camellia cultivars have different light needs. Like other warm zone evergreen shrubs, they prefer a spot with dappled shade, or with morning sun and afternoon shade. Too much sun on a warm day can cause the flowers of Camellia japonica cultivars to droop or dry out, so a location with more than four hours of direct sun, or late afternoon sun, is not suitable for them.

Planting and caring for camellias

red camellias

Wut_Moppie/Shutterstock

When planting camellia shrubs, be sure to choose a site with well-drained soil. They also like slightly acidic soil, so planting them with some amendments (such as peat moss or used coffee grounds) to improve soil acidity is also a good idea. Regular watering is crucial to keep camellias healthy and blooming. Watering thoroughly twice per week during the blooming season is recommended. Water the shrub at the roots for optimum distribution of moisture to all parts of the plant. A light layer of natural mulch (such as pine bark mulch) will also help your camellia to retain moisture.

You can fertilize your camellia if desired, using a basic slow-release NPK fertilizer. Be careful not to overfertilize, as too much nitrogen can damage the leaves. Fertilize in spring or summer, but no later than August, to avoid encouraging too much late-season growth close to winter. There are also special fertilizers designed specifically for camellias.

As far as pruning is concerned, your camellia shrubs will benefit from as little pruning as possible, to help preserve their naturally rounded shape. You can trim any broken, dead, or diseased branches, but otherwise prune your camellia very sparingly. The best time to prune them is after the blooms in spring have started to fade, to prepare them for forming new growth. Once established, your camellias will give you many years of beautiful blooms with very little maintenance required, other than regular watering.

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Dr Heidi Parkes

By Dr Heidi Parkes

Senior Information Extension Officer QLD Dept of Agriculture & Fisheries.