How to Successfully Cultivate a Thriving Tree Philodendron Houseplant: Expert Tips and Techniques


If you’re looking for a low-maintenance indoor houseplant with impressive foliage, the Tree Philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifidum) is an excellent choice. Also known as the Split-Leaf Philodendron or the Lacy Tree Philodendron, this plant is native to the rainforests of South America and is prized for its large, lacy, split leaves. Its unique name comes from the Greek words “philo” meaning love and “dendron” meaning tree, signifying its tree-like growth habit.

The Tree Philodendron has a thick trunk that can grow up to several feet tall, supporting its large leaves. The leaves have a basic leaf shape but are deeply incised, giving them a distinctive appearance. They are dark green in color with a glossy texture and can grow up to 3 feet long and 2 feet wide. The petioles, or leaf stems, are long and sturdy, allowing the leaves to reach impressive heights.

When it comes to caring for a Tree Philodendron, you’ll find that they are quite tolerant of different conditions. They can be placed in both bright, indirect light or in low-light situations, making them a versatile choice for different rooms in your home. Ideally, they should be kept in a location that receives bright, indirect light for at least a few hours a day. If you’re growing them in low-light conditions, make sure to give them some time in a brighter spot every once in a while to keep them healthy.

Watering the Tree Philodendron is simple but crucial. These plants prefer to be kept evenly moist, but be sure not to overwater them as this can cause root rot. They can tolerate a little bit of drying out between waterings, but you should aim to water them thoroughly whenever the top inch of the soil feels dry to the touch. In the summer months, when the plant is growing actively, you may need to water it more frequently. However, during the winter months, when the growth slows down, you can water it less often.

Tree Philodendron Basic Houseplant Care

Tree Philodendrons, also known as the Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum or the Philodendron selloum, are tropical houseplants with woody stems and large, lacy, heart-shaped foliage. These beautiful plants can grow up to 15 feet tall and have a spread of up to 10 feet, making them an ideal addition to any indoor space.

When it comes to caring for your Tree Philodendron, there are a few key things to keep in mind. These plants prefer bright, indirect light, though they can tolerate some shade. Placed near windows with partial sun exposure or in a sunny room with filtered light are both good options. Ensure that the plant is not placed in direct sunlight, as this can cause leaf burn.

The soil for your Tree Philodendron should be kept consistently moist, but not waterlogged. It’s important to allow the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings to prevent root rot. When watering, use room temperature water and thoroughly saturate the soil until water drains out of the bottom of the pot. Empty any excess water from the saucer or pot tray to avoid standing water.

Fertilizing your Tree Philodendron is key to promoting healthy growth and vibrant foliage. Use a balanced liquid fertilizer every 4-6 weeks during the growing season (spring and summer). Follow the instructions on the fertilizer packaging for proper dosage. Avoid fertilizing during the winter months when growth slows down.

If your Tree Philodendron has enough space to grow, it may produce white flowers with orange spathes. Though the flowers are not the focal point of this plant, they add a nice touch of color. However, it’s important to note that not all Tree Philodendrons will flower indoors.

Propagating Tree Philodendrons is relatively easy. You can propagate them by taking stem tip cuttings and placing them in water or directly into moist potting soil. Keep the cuttings in a warm and humid environment until they develop roots. Once they have rooted, you can then transplant them into their own pots.

Common pests that may affect Tree Philodendrons include spider mites, mealybugs, and scale insects. Keep an eye out for symptoms such as leaf discoloration, webbing, or a sticky residue on the leaves. If you notice any pests, treat the plant with an insecticidal soap or neem oil spray according to the instructions on the packaging.

All in all, Tree Philodendrons are low-light houseplants with stunning foliage and easy care requirements. With the right conditions and basic care, these plants can thrive and bring a touch of nature into your indoor space.

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If you’re interested in learning more about how to care for tree philodendron houseplants, you may want to share this article with others! Tree philodendrons, also known as Philodendron bipinnatifidum, are a popular choice for indoor plant enthusiasts due to their low-light tolerance and attractive foliage.

The basic care guidelines for tree philodendrons include placing them in a well-draining potting mix, watering them regularly but allowing the top few inches of soil to dry out between waterings, and providing them with bright, indirect sunlight. They can tolerate a range of temperatures, but it’s best to keep them in a warm and humid environment.

One important thing to mention about tree philodendrons is that they are toxic to humans and animals if ingested. The sap from their stems and leaves can cause skin irritation, so it’s important to handle them with care. If you have pets or small children, it’s best to keep your tree philodendron out of their reach.

Tree philodendrons are relatively resistant to pests and diseases, but they can occasionally be affected by common houseplant problems, such as mealybugs or spider mites. Regularly dusting the leaves and inspecting them for any signs of pests is a good practice to keep your plant healthy.

Tree philodendrons are known for their large, split leaves and their unique shape. The typical philodendron flower, called a spathe, is usually white or orange and opens up on a thin stem. If you’re interested in propagating your tree philodendron, you can do so by taking stem cuttings and placing them in water or a well-draining potting mix.

For additional tips on caring for tree philodendrons, you can contact us or consult resources such as the Houseplant Care Guide. It’s always a good idea to stay informed about the specific needs of your plants to ensure they thrive in your indoor environment.

If you’re looking for a low-light, easy-to-grow indoor plant, a tree philodendron is a great choice. With their lush, green foliage and impressive size, they can spruce up any room. Just make sure to provide them with the right amount of water, sunlight, and humidity, and they will thrive in your care.

So go ahead and share this article with your friends, family, or anyone who may be interested in growing a tree philodendron. They’ll appreciate the tips and tricks for successful indoor plant care!

Tree Philodendron Houseplants: How To Grow A Tree Philodendron Plant

The Tree Philodendron is a popular houseplant known for its beautiful green foliage and tall, woody trunk. As a member of the Philodendron family, it does well indoors and is relatively easy to care for. In this article, we will learn how to grow a Tree Philodendron plant successfully.

Light and Temperature

The Tree Philodendron prefers bright, indirect light. It should be placed near a window where it can receive partial sunlight. Avoid placing it in direct sunlight, as this may cause the leaves to burn. The plant also thrives in temperatures between 65-80°F (18-27°C), making it perfect for indoor settings.

Watering and Fertilizing

Tree Philodendrons should be watered regularly, allowing the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Ensure that the plant is receiving enough water, but avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot. During the growing season, from spring to summer, fertilize the plant monthly with a balanced liquid fertilizer. Follow the instructions on the fertilizer package for the correct dosage.

Soil and Root Characteristics

The Tree Philodendron prefers slightly acidic soil. Use a well-draining potting mix that contains peat moss, perlite, or vermiculite to provide adequate drainage. The roots of this plant are wide and can become pot-bound if not given enough space. Therefore, it is recommended to repot the plant into a larger container every few years.

Plant Maintenance

To keep your Tree Philodendron healthy, dust the leaves with a cloth to remove any accumulated dust regularly. This helps the plant breathe and catch sunlight efficiently. Additionally, trim back any yellow or dead leaves to maintain the plant’s appearance.

Poisonous Characteristics

It is important to note that the Tree Philodendron is a poisonous plant, particularly if ingested. It contains calcium oxalate crystals, which can cause skin irritation and mouth pain if touched or eaten. Keep the plant out of reach of children and pets to prevent any accidents.

Diseases and Symptoms

Tree Philodendrons are generally healthy plants, but they can be affected by diseases such as leaf spot or root rot if not properly cared for. Watch out for yellowing leaves, black spots on the foliage, or wilting, as these can be symptoms of disease or improper watering. If you notice any issues, consult with a cooperative extension service or plant specialist for guidance.

Flowers and Characteristics

The Tree Philodendron rarely flowers when grown as a houseplant. However, if it does, you may notice white or greenish flowers with long petioles. While the flowers are not its most notable characteristic, the plant’s large, heart-shaped leaves and attractive growth habit make it a popular choice for indoor greenery.

Now that you know how to grow a Tree Philodendron plant, you can enjoy the beauty and charm of this stunning houseplant. With proper care and attention, your Tree Philodendron will thrive and enhance the ambiance of your home.

About Tree Philodendron Houseplants

Tree Philodendron, which is also known by its scientific name Philodendron bipinnatifidum, is a popular member of the Philodendron family. These houseplants are highly sought after for their large, lush foliage and interesting growth habit. They are native to the tropical forests of Brazil and other parts of South America.

The Tree Philodendron gets its name from its tree-like growth pattern, with tall, woody stems that can grow up to several feet in height. The leaves are large, broadleaf and heart-shaped, creating an impressive display. The foliage is a vibrant green color and has a lacy or slightly pinnate appearance.

Philodendron bipinnatifidum is a relatively easy plant to care for, making it a popular choice for indoor gardening enthusiasts. It thrives in moderate to bright light, though it can tolerate lower light conditions as well. It prefers well-draining soil and should be watered when the top inch of the soil feels dry to the touch. Overwatering can lead to root rot and other plant diseases.

To keep the Tree Philodendron healthy and happy, it’s important to provide it with the ideal temperature and sunlight. The ideal temperature range for this plant is between 65-85°F (18-29°C). It can tolerate lower temperatures, but anything below 55°F (13°C) can cause damage to the leaves.

This plant can also benefit from regular fertilizing. A balanced liquid fertilizer can be applied every 2-4 weeks during the growing season (spring and summer) to promote healthy growth. A typical houseplant fertilizer with equal parts nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium should be used. Fertilizing should be reduced or stopped altogether during the winter months when the plant is in a dormant state.

Tree Philodendrons can be propagated through stem cuttings or by division. Stem cuttings should be taken in the spring or summer months when the plant is actively growing. The cuttings can be rooted in water or in a well-draining potting mix. Division should be done when the plant has outgrown its container and needs repotting.

Like other Philodendrons, Tree Philodendron is a relatively hardy plant and not prone to many diseases or pest problems. However, common issues such as leaf yellowing, leaf drop, and root rot can occur if the plant is not given proper care. Regularly inspecting the plant for any signs of disease or pests and taking appropriate measures can help keep it healthy and thriving.

In conclusion, Tree Philodendron houseplants are a beautiful and easy-to-grow addition to any indoor space. With their large, green foliage and interesting growth habit, they can add a touch of tropical beauty to your home or office. Just remember to provide them with the right amount of light, water, and temperature, and they will reward you with their vibrant and lush foliage.

✿ Read More About Foliage Plants.

Dr Heidi Parkes

By Dr Heidi Parkes

Senior Information Extension Officer QLD Dept of Agriculture & Fisheries.