Discover the Fascinating World of Self-Fruiting Apple Trees and Learn How They Can Pollinate Themselves

Discover the Fascinating World of Self-Fruiting Apple Trees and Learn How They Can Pollinate Themselves

Apples are a very popular fruit worldwide, but did you know that not all apple trees can self-pollinate? Some apple tree varieties, such as the spartan and sweet variety, require pollination from another apple tree in order to bear fruit. However, there are certain apple tree varieties that can pollinate themselves, making them a great choice for gardeners and apple enthusiasts alike.

One such self-fruiting apple tree variety is the “Greensleeves” apple tree. Introduced by Reverend Wilks in the 10th century, this variety is known for its sweet, green apples that are perfect for eating fresh or baking into delicious apple pies. The “Greensleeves” apple tree is a sturdy and robust plant, capable of withstanding harsh weather conditions and producing high yields of scrumptious apples.

Another self-fruiting apple tree variety is the “Spartan” apple tree. Known for its deep red skin and juicy flesh, the “Spartan” apple tree is a popular choice among growers who want to get the most out of their apple orchard. This apple variety was introduced by the University of British Columbia in the 15th century and has been a favorite ever since.

One of the benefits of planting self-fruiting apple trees is that you don’t need to rely on neighboring trees or hand pollination using tubes. The self-fruiting apple trees like “Greensleeves” and “Spartan” can produce fruit on their own without the need for a separate pollinator. This means that even if you have limited space in your garden or don’t have access to other apple tree varieties, you can still enjoy the fruits of your labor.

So, if you’re a fan of apples and want to try your hand at growing your own fruit, consider planting self-fruiting apple trees like “Greensleeves” and “Spartan”. These varieties offer a higher chance of success and a bountiful harvest, without the need for additional pollinators. Enjoy the taste of fresh, home-grown apples right from your own backyard!

15 Self-Pollinating Apple Tree Types

If you’re a fan of apples and want to grow them at home, you’ll be glad to know that there are several self-pollinating apple tree varieties available. Self-pollination means that these apple trees can produce fruit without needing another apple tree for cross-pollination. Here are 15 self-pollinating apple tree types for your convenience:

1. Colin’s Crabapple: This variety is an excellent pollinator and bears fruit early in the season.

2. King David: Known for its superb flavor, King David is a self-pollinating apple tree with sweet-tasting fruits.

3. Best Apple: An agricultural variety that is very good for growing in windy areas.

4. Wilks’ Seedling: Introduced in March, this self-pollinating apple tree has fruits that are sweet and excellent for eating fresh.

5. Windsor: A self-pollinating apple tree that produces large fruits and is a great choice for backyard orchards.

6. Spartan: Known for its self-pollination capability, Spartan apples are sweet and ideal for eating fresh or cooking.

7. Fuji: A popular apple variety that is capable of self-pollination, Fuji apples are sweet and crunchy.

8. Victorian Apple: This self-pollinating apple tree variety is very good for horticultural purposes and bears fruits early in the season.

9. Scrumptious: A self-pollinating apple tree with large, sweet-tasting fruits that are ideal for snacking.

10. Ellison’s Orange: Self-pollinating with fruits that have a great flavor and texture, perfect for making cider.

11. 2 Windsor: This variety is a great choice for gardeners who want to grow a self-pollinating apple tree in a limited space.

12. Bear Apple: A self-pollinating variety that reliably bears fruits early in the season, ideal for those who can’t wait to taste their homegrown apples.

13. Goodland: A self-pollinating apple tree that is very good for growing in colder climates.

14. Very Early: As the name suggests, this variety is known for bearing fruits very early in the season, making it a great choice for impatient gardeners.

15. Hyslop Crabapple: A self-pollinating crabapple tree that is an excellent choice for pollinating other apple tree varieties across your orchard.

With these 15 self-pollinating apple tree types, you don’t have to worry about having another apple tree nearby to get a good harvest. Whether you have limited space or live in a windy or cold climate, there is a self-pollinating variety that will suit your needs. Enjoy the convenience of growing apples in your own backyard!

Are Apple Trees Self-Pollinating

When it comes to apple trees, one of the questions that often arises is whether they are self-pollinating. In other words, can an apple tree pollinate itself without the need for neighboring trees?

The answer largely depends on the type of apple tree. Some apple tree varieties, such as the ‘Jon-a-Red’ and ‘James Grieve’, are partially self-pollinating. This means that while they can produce fruit on their own, they will generally have better fruit set and quality if they are cross-pollinated with another apple variety.

On the other hand, there are apple tree varieties that are considered self-fruiting or self-pollinating. These trees have the ability to set fruit without the need for neighboring trees. Examples of self-fruiting apple trees include the ‘Egremont Russet’, ‘Scrumptious’, and ‘Greensleeves’.

If you have limited space in your garden and can only accommodate one apple tree, it is important to choose a self-fruiting variety. Otherwise, you will need to make sure that you have at least two different apple tree varieties that can cross-pollinate each other. This is necessary for the trees to produce a good fruit set.

When purchasing apple trees, it is always a good idea to check the horticultural label or ask the seller whether the tree is self-pollinating or requires cross-pollination. This will help you make an informed selection that will ensure effective pollination and high fruit quality.

It is worth noting that even self-pollinating apple trees can benefit from cross-pollination. Cross-pollination can lead to a wider diversity of fruit types and flavors, and it can also result in better fruit set and increased yields. Therefore, if space allows, planting multiple apple tree varieties is often the best approach.

Ultimately, whether an apple tree is self-pollinating or requires cross-pollination, it is always important to consider the environmental conditions. Apple trees generally prefer a wetter climate and benefit from having other fruit trees nearby to attract pollinators. Additionally, proper pruning and care of the apple tree can help maximize its growth, flowering, and fruiting potential.

In conclusion, while some apple trees, like the ‘Jon-a-Red’ and ‘James Grieve’, can partially self-pollinate, it is best to have at least two different apple tree varieties to ensure optimal fruit set and quality. Self-fruiting apple trees, such as the ‘Egremont Russet’, ‘Scrumptious’, and ‘Greensleeves’, do not require neighboring trees and can set fruit on their own. However, cross-pollination can still be beneficial for both self-pollinating and self-fruiting apple trees, resulting in a wider variety of fruit types and increased yields.

1 M domestica ‘Egremont Russet’

The ‘Egremont Russet’ apple tree is a self-pollinating variety of the M domestica species. This means that it does not require another apple tree for pollination. It can produce fruit on its own without the need for cross-pollination from other apple trees.

‘Egremont Russet’ is an early ripening variety that is known for its distinctive russeted skin, which gives the apple a rough and textured appearance. The apples have a sweet and nutty flavor, making them a popular choice among apple lovers.

This variety can be grown in both home gardens and commercial orchards. It is a compact tree, reaching a height of around 11 feet, making it suitable for smaller spaces. It is also partially self-fertile, which means that it can benefit from cross-pollination with other apple varieties for a higher fruit yield.

If you’re a home gardener looking to grow your own apples, ‘Egremont Russet’ is a convenient option as it does not require the planting of multiple apple trees. You can enjoy the fruits of your labor without wasting space or resources. However, if you have the space and resources, planting other apple varieties that can cross-pollinate with ‘Egremont Russet’ can be a great way to increase your fruit yield.

When choosing apple varieties to plant alongside ‘Egremont Russet’, it is important to consider the bloom times. Apples from different varieties may bloom at different times. The ‘Egremont Russet’ apple tree blooms in March, so it is compatible with other apple varieties that also bloom in March or slightly later. Some compatible options include ‘Winston’, ‘Prince Khalil’, ‘Scrumptious’, and ‘Sunset’.

In an agricultural setting or larger orchard, growers may opt to use pollination tubes for more effective cross-pollination. This means of pollination is often found to be more efficient in ensuring that the apple trees receive the necessary pollination to produce a higher fruit yield. If you have any questions about self-pollinating apple varieties or the best pollination methods, there are resources available online, such as the article “Fruits of Sussex – Apple Varieties” on the Brighton Permaculture Trust website (

✿ Read More About Fruit Trees.

Dr Heidi Parkes

By Dr Heidi Parkes

Senior Information Extension Officer QLD Dept of Agriculture & Fisheries.