Different Ways to Successfully Grow Roses from Seeds


Growing roses from seeds is a rewarding and fulfilling experience for any gardener. If you have ever wondered how to do it, we have three different ways to help you get started. One way is by collecting and harvesting the seeds from rose hips. Rose hips are the fruit that is left behind once the flowers have bloomed and the petals have fallen off. You will typically find them in late summer or early autumn. To harvest the seeds, you need to wait until the rose hips are fully ripe and have turned a black or deep red color.

Another way to grow roses from seeds is by pollinating the flowers yourself. To do this, you will need to choose two roses that you like and want to crossbreed. One rose will be the “pollen parent” and the other will be the “seed parent”. Using a small, sharp pair of scissors, cut off the anther from the pollen parent rose. The anther contains the pollen sacs, which you will need to carefully open and collect the pollen from. Next, find a flower that is in the bud stage. Carefully open the bud and remove all the pistils, or female reproductive organs, using the scissors. Then, use a small paintbrush or cotton swab to transfer the pollen from the anther to the pistil.

The third way to grow roses from seeds is by purchasing them from a reliable source. Many companies offer rose seeds for sale, and this can be a convenient option if you don’t have access to rose hips or don’t want to go through the process of pollinating the flowers yourself. Once you have obtained the seeds, you can start the germination process. Some rose seeds require stratification, which means they need to be exposed to a period of cold temperatures in order to break their dormancy. Others can be planted right away.

To start the germination process, you will need a plastic container with a lid, potting soil, and water. Fill the container with potting soil, leaving about one-half inch of space at the top. Moisten the soil with water, making sure it is not too wet or too dry. Place the rose seeds on top of the soil, spacing them out evenly. Gently press the seeds into the soil, ensuring they are in contact with it. Cover the container with the lid to create a mini greenhouse effect.

Depending on the type of rose seeds you have, germination can take anywhere from a few weeks to a few months. Make sure to check the container regularly and keep the soil moist but not soggy. Once the seeds start to sprout, you can remove the lid and place the container in a sunny spot. As the seedlings grow, you will need to transplant them into individual pots and provide them with proper care, such as regular watering and fertilizing. In no time, you will have beautiful rose plants thriving in your own home garden.

Remember, growing roses from seeds is a long process that requires patience and care. It may seem daunting at first, but with these three different ways to grow roses, you can find the method that suits you best. So go ahead and give it a try – you might just discover a new passion for rose gardening!

Rose Seeds

Not all rose seeds are viable, so it’s always a good idea to test their viability before beginning the growing process. This can be done by placing the seeds in a bowl of purified water. Those that float are no good and can be discarded; only the seeds that sink are worth keeping.

Rose seeds have a hard outer shell that needs to be softened before they can sprout. This process is called stratification and can be done by soaking the seeds in water for 24 hours or by lightly scratching the surface of the seed with a sharp knife or sandpaper.

Once the seeds have been stratified, they can be planted. The most common method of planting rose seeds is to start them indoors. These seeds can be planted in small pots filled with a mixture of potting soil and garden soil. They should be planted about 1/4 inch deep and kept in a warm, sunny location.

Rose seedlings need to be cared for just like any other plant. They should be watered regularly and kept in an area with good air circulation. Once the seedlings are a few inches tall, they can be transplanted into larger pots or into the garden.

Rose seeds can take anywhere from 2 to 5 years to produce flowers, so patience is key when growing roses from seeds. It’s also important to note that rose seeds don’t always grow into the same type of rose as their parent plant. They can produce a wide variety of flowers, depending on the parent plants used for pollination.

The rose species Rosa carolina, also known as the Carolina rose or swamp rose, is a popular choice for rose seed growers. This variety is known for its beautiful pink flowers and delightful perfume. It’s also a hardy plant that can withstand cold winter temperatures.

So if you’re looking to grow roses from seeds, don’t be discouraged by the long wait and unpredictable results. With the right care and attention, you can see your rose seeds grow into beautiful and unique rose bushes that will bring joy to your garden for years to come.

How To Grow Roses From Seeds 3 Different Ways

Growing roses from seeds is an exciting and rewarding process that allows you to create new and unique varieties of these beautiful flowers. There are three different ways you can start growing roses from seeds, and each method has its own benefits and challenges.

1. Soak, Rinse, and Plant

The first method involves soaking the rose seeds in water for about 24 hours. This helps to soften the seed coat and improve germination. After soaking, rinse the seeds with clean water and remove any remaining pulp. Then, plant the seeds in a seed tray filled with a mixture of equal parts plain soil and compost. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged, and place the tray in a warm, sunny location.

2. Starting with Rose Hips

Another way to grow roses from seeds is to start with rose hips, which are the fruit of the rose plant. It’s important to note that this method will not produce the exact same variety as the mother plant, as roses often cross-pollinate with other nearby varieties. Collect the rose hips from your desired mother plant when they are ripe and have turned rose-pink in color. Remove the seeds from the rose hips and clean them by rinsing in water. Plant the seeds in seed trays as described above.

3. Collecting Wild Rose Seeds

The third way to grow roses from seeds is by collecting seeds from wild roses. Look for rose plants growing in pastures, meadows, or other wild areas. Wild roses are often more disease-resistant and hardy than store-bought varieties. Collect the rose hips when they are mature and have turned red. Remove the seeds from the rose hips and clean them. Then, plant the seeds in seed trays and follow the same process as with the other methods.

Regardless of which method you choose, it’s important to keep in mind that growing roses from seeds can be a long and challenging process. Germination can take anywhere from 1 to 5 weeks or even longer. Once the seedlings sprout, continue to provide them with the necessary care, such as regular watering and fertilizing. Transplanting the young roses into the garden should be done once they have grown to a suitable size.

In conclusion, growing roses from seeds offers gardeners the opportunity to create unique and beautiful varieties of these beloved flowers. Whether you choose to start with soaked seeds, rose hips, or wild rose seeds, each method has its own advantages and challenges. With patience and care, you’ll be able to enjoy the fragrance and beauty of your own homegrown roses.

How to Grow Roses from Seed

If you’re a rose lover, you may want to try growing roses from seed. It’s a rewarding and cost-effective way to expand your rose garden. There are three different methods you can use to grow roses from seed, so you can choose the one that suits you best.

  • Method 1: Collecting Rose Hips
  • One of the easiest ways to grow roses from seed is by collecting rose hips. Rose hips are the small, round fruits that develop after the flowers have bloomed and faded. To collect rose hips, wait until they are fully ripe and the seeds inside have turned a rose-pink color. Cut off the hips using a clean knife, and then split them open to remove the seeds. Place the seeds on a paper towel and let them air dry for a few days.

  • Method 2: Soaking and Stratification
  • Another method involves soaking the rose seeds before planting. Start by soaking the seeds in purified water for 24 hours. After soaking, fill seed-starter trays with a mix of soil and sand. Plant the rose seeds in the trays, and then cover them with a thin layer of soil. Place the trays in a cool location and keep the soil moist. This method mimics the natural process of stratification that roses seeds need to germinate. After a few weeks, the seeds should start to germinate and small rose seedlings will begin to grow.

  • Method 3: Late Fall Planting
  • The third method is known as late fall planting. This method works well for rose seeds that require stratification and can tolerate cold temperatures. Collect ripe rose hips in late fall, and remove the seeds from them. Plant the seeds directly in the ground, about one-half inch deep. The seeds will stay in the ground over the winter, experiencing the natural cold stratification process. In the spring, when the soil warms up, the rose seeds will begin to germinate, and young rose plants will emerge.

Regardless of which method you choose, there are a few things to know when growing roses from seed. First, not all rose seeds are viable, so it’s a good idea to collect more than you need. Second, roses grown from seed may not look exactly like the parent plant. They may have different flower colors or forms. Finally, it takes time and patience to grow roses from seed. It can take several years for the plants to mature and start blooming.

Growing roses from seed can be a fun and rewarding experience for rose enthusiasts. It allows you to grow unique and diverse rose varieties that may not be available in nurseries or garden centers. So why not give it a try? Follow these three different methods and you’ll be on your way to growing your own beautiful roses!

Starting Store-Bought Rose Seeds

Starting rose seeds from store-bought roses is a quick and easy way to grow new rose plants for your garden. There are different ways to start rose seeds, and one of them is by starting store-bought rose seeds. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to do it!

  1. First, you need to collect the rose seeds from the store-bought rose. To do this, wait until the rose develops hips, which are the seed pods that form when the rose petals have faded. Harvest the hips when they are ripe, usually in late November.
  2. Next, remove the seeds from the hips. This can be done by cutting the hips in half and scraping out the seeds. Make sure to remove any remaining petals, as they can prevent the seeds from germinating.
  3. Once you have collected the seeds, they need to go through a process called stratification. This involves exposing the seeds to a cold and wet environment for a period of time to break their dormancy. You can do this by placing the seeds in a plastic bag with moist paper towels and storing them in the refrigerator for about 6 weeks.
  4. After stratification, it’s time to start germinating the seeds. Plant the seeds in a seed-starter mix or potting soil, making sure that they are covered with a thin layer of soil. Water the seeds well and keep the soil moist, but not soaked.
  5. Place the seed container in a warm location, such as near a window or under grow lights. Keep an eye on the seeds, as they should start sprouting within a few weeks.
  6. Once the seedlings have a few leaves, you can transplant them to individual pots or containers. Be careful when transplanting, as the young plants can be delicate. Make sure to label them with their names or variety.
  7. Continue to care for the seedlings by keeping the soil moist and providing them with light. You can use a diluted fertilizer solution to help them grow.
  8. As the seedlings grow, you can gradually expose them to outdoor conditions to harden them off. This means bringing them outside for a few hours a day and gradually increasing the amount of time they spend outside.
  9. When the seedlings are strong enough, you can transplant them into your garden or a larger container. Make sure to choose a sunny spot and prepare the soil well before planting.
  10. Caring for your new rose plants is essential to their success. Water them regularly, but avoid overwatering. Prune them to encourage bushy growth and remove any dead or diseased parts. Protect them from pests and diseases by using organic or chemical controls, such as captan.
  11. In no time, you’ll have beautiful roses in your garden that were grown from store-bought rose seeds. Enjoy their blooms and take pride in your gardening skills!

Note: Not all store-bought rose seeds will produce true to the parent plant. Sometimes, hybrid roses may not come true from seed, and the resulting plants may have different characteristics. However, this method is a fun and cost-effective way to try growing roses from seeds and discover new varieties!

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Dr Heidi Parkes

By Dr Heidi Parkes

Senior Information Extension Officer QLD Dept of Agriculture & Fisheries.