Different Varieties of Lavender Plants

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Different Varieties of Lavender Plants

Lavender is a type of flowering plant that is highly popular because of its beautiful blooms and healing properties. There are several types of lavender, each with its own unique characteristics. The lavender plant belongs to the Lavandula genus and is native to the Mediterranean.

One of the most common types of lavender is Lavandula angustifolia, also known as English lavender. This type of lavender blooms in late spring to early summer and has small purple flowerheads. It has a strong fragrance and is often used in sachets and other scented products. English lavender is also known for its ability to tolerate cold winter temperatures and can thrive in a variety of soil types.

Another popular type of lavender is Lavandula x intermedia, also known as lavandin. Lavandins are hybrid plants that are a cross between Lavandula angustifolia and Lavandula latifolia, also known as spike lavender. These lavender plants have larger and more abundant flowerheads than English lavender, and they bloom in mid-summer. Lavandins are known for their strong fragrance and are often used in the production of essential oils.

Lavandula latifolia, or spike lavender, is another variety of lavender. This type of lavender has dense, spike-like blooms and a strong fragrance. Spike lavender blooms later in the summer compared to other types of lavender and is a favorite of bees and butterflies. It is also used in various healing practices, such as aromatherapy and herbal medicine.

There are many other lavender varieties available, each with its own unique characteristics and uses. Some varieties, such as Lavandula stoechas or French lavender, have bracts that resemble bunny ears and bloom in late spring. Lavandula dentata, or Spanish lavender, has distinctive serrated leaves and blooms in early-summer. Lavender plants can be easily grown in the garden and are a great addition to any Mediterranean-style landscape.

In conclusion, lavender is a versatile and beautiful plant that comes in many different types. Whether you want a lavender plant for its fragrance, its healing properties, or simply to enhance your garden, there is a lavender variety that will meet your needs. From the classic English lavender to the vibrant Spanish lavender, lavender plants will add a touch of beauty and tranquility to any space.

Lavender Types

Lavender is a popular plant characterized by its fragrant and abundant blooming. There are many different types of lavender, each with its own unique characteristics and requirements.

The English lavender, or Lavandula angustifolia, is a hardy species that is widely grown for its calming scent and beautiful purple blooms. It is typically the most common type of lavender found in gardens and is known for its versatility and adaptability to a wide range of soils. English lavenders are also known for their early-summer blossoming and their ability to attract bees and butterflies.

Lavandins, on the other hand, are a group of hybrid lavender plants that are a cross between English lavenders and French lavenders. They are characterized by their tall spikes of brightly colored blooms and their strong fragrance. Lavandins are typically less hardy than English lavenders and have more specific soil and climate requirements. They are often grown for their commercial use in the production of essential oils and bouquets.

French lavenders, or Lavandula stoechas, are another popular type of lavender known for their unique look and scent. They have large, fluffy blossoming heads with colored bracts that can range from pink to purple. French lavenders are less hardy than English lavenders and are more sensitive to fluctuating temperatures and winter conditions. However, they are also known for their strong fragrance and their ability to attract bees and butterflies.

Other types of lavender include intermediate lavenders, which are hybrids between English lavenders and lavandins, and the less common true lavenders, which are species native to France. There is also a wide range of lavender varieties, each with its own specific characteristics, such as the Otto lavender with its dark purple blooms and velvet-like petals, or the Winter lavender with its light pink flowers.

Regardless of the type or variety, lavender is a versatile and popular plant that can be grown in many different climates and soil types. Its healing scent and calming properties make it a favorite among gardeners, while its beautiful blooms add a touch of color to any garden or landscape. Whether you choose to grow English lavenders, lavandins, or some other type of lavender, your garden will surely benefit from their beauty and fragrance.

Lavender

Lavender, also known as Lavandula, is a type of flowering plant that is highly valued by gardeners for its fragrance and other beneficial properties. There are different types of lavender, each with its own unique characteristics and uses. However, all lavender types are known for their strongly smelling flowerheads and calming effects.

The three main types of lavender are Lavandula angustifolias, Lavandula stoechas, and Lavandula x intermedia. The Lavandula angustifolias, also called English lavender, are the most popular and widely cultivated types. They have deep purple flowerheads and bloom in the spring. English lavender is beloved for its soothing fragrance and is commonly used in bouquets, sachets, and oils.

Lavandula stoechas, or French lavender, is another common type of lavender. It has larger flowerheads that are usually pink or blue-violet in color. French lavender blooms earlier than English lavender, often starting in winter, and its distinctive flowerheads make it a striking addition to any garden. French lavender is frequently used in landscaping and is known for its hardiness and ability to withstand frost and different soil types.

The Lavandula x intermedia, or hybrid lavender, is a cross between English lavender and French lavender. This type of lavender combines the best qualities of both parent plants and often produces abundant blooms. Hybrid lavender is cultivated for its high oil content, which is used in a variety of products such as soaps, lotions, and candles. It is also known for its healing properties and is commonly used in alternative medicine.

Regardless of the type, lavender is a versatile plant that can thrive in different growing conditions. It prefers full sunlight and well-drained soil, but it can tolerate a range of soils and altitudes. Lavender plants should be watered sparingly and should not be overwatered, as this can lead to root rot. Pruning lavender regularly helps maintain its shape and encourages new growth.

In conclusion, lavender is a beautiful and fragrant plant that has been valued for centuries. Whether you choose English lavender, French lavender, or a hybrid variety, lavender can bring beauty and a sense of calm to your garden. Its flowers, oils, and leaves offer a multitude of benefits, making lavender a popular choice for gardeners and aromatherapy enthusiasts alike.

Types of lavender the best varieties for your garden

If you are looking to add some beautiful and fragrant plants to your garden, lavender is an excellent choice. With its light purple to deep blue colored blooms, it adds a sense of calm and elegance to any garden. Lavender comes in many forms, each with its own unique characteristics and benefits.

There are three main types of lavender: Lavandula angustifolia, Lavandula stoechas, and Lavandula x intermedia (lavandins). Lavandula angustifolia, also known as English lavender, is the most common type and is known for its extremely fragrant flowers.

Lavandula angustifolia is a true lavender and prefers full sun and well-drained soil. It is a smaller variety, growing between 1 to 3 feet in height. English lavender blooms from late spring to early summer and is a favorite for its calming scent.

Lavandula stoechas, or French lavender, has striking purple blooms with “rabbit ear” heads, giving it a unique and playful appearance. It is a slightly larger variety, growing between 2 to 4 feet in height. French lavender prefers a more dense soil and can tolerate fluctuating temperatures and altitudes.

Lavandula x intermedia, or lavandins, are hybrid lavenders that are a cross between English lavender and spike lavender (Lavandula latifolia). These lavenders are known for their abundant and long-lasting blooms, making them ideal for bouquets. They are also hardy and can tolerate a wider range of soil conditions.

One popular variety of lavandins is Lavandula x intermedia ‘Grosso’, which has deep blue blooms and grows to be about 2 to 3 feet tall. Another variety, Lavandula x intermedia ‘Provence’, has lighter purple blooms and reaches a height of 2 to 3 feet. Both of these lavandins are highly regarded for their pleasant fragrance and their ability to attract bees and butterflies to the garden.

Lavender has many benefits beyond its fragrant blooms. It has been used for centuries for its healing properties, particularly for the skin. Lavender essential oil is known for its calming and soothing effects, making it a popular ingredient in aromatherapy products.

Overall, lavender is a wonderful addition to any garden. Whether you choose an English lavender, a French lavender, or one of the hybrid lavandins, you will be rewarded with beautiful flowers, fragrant blooms, and the many benefits that lavender provides.

Types of lavender true lavender Lavandula angustifolia

True lavender, also known as Lavandula angustifolia, is one of the most popular lavender types. It is characterized by its beautiful pink, purple, or blue flowers and its calming fragrance. True lavender is frequently cultivated in gardens, especially in France, where it is abundant.

One of the most striking features of true lavender is its flowerhead, which appears in late spring or early summer. It forms a spike-like structure composed of many small individual flowers. The spike can range in color from pale lavender to deep purple, making it a visually appealing plant to grow.

True lavender is known for its hardy and frost-resistant nature, which makes it suitable for planting in various conditions. It typically grows well in light to medium soil and requires less water compared to other lavenders. This adaptability is one of the benefits of cultivating true lavender.

Another type of lavender, Lavandula stoechas, is commonly known as French or Spanish lavender. Unlike true lavender, French lavender has a different growth habit and appearance. It has larger and more showy flowers, usually topped with colorful bracts that resemble rabbit ears.

Lavandins, a hybrid lavender variety, are a cross between true lavender and spike lavender (Lavandula latifolia). This hybridization results in lavandins with larger flower spikes and a stronger fragrance compared to true lavender. Lavandins are frequently used for their essential oils, especially in perfume and aromatherapy.

In conclusion, different types of lavender, including true lavender, French lavender, and lavandins, offer gardeners a wide range of choices based on their preferences. Whether you prefer the calming fragrance of true lavender or the vibrant colors of French lavender, there is a lavender type suitable for every gardener’s needs.

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Dr Heidi Parkes

By Dr Heidi Parkes

Senior Information Extension Officer QLD Dept of Agriculture & Fisheries.