Different Types of Artichokes: A Guide to Artichoke Varieties


Artichokes are a prized vegetable known for their unique appearance and delicious taste. They come in many different shapes and sizes, with each variety having its own distinct characteristics. In European cooking, particularly in Mediterranean countries, artichokes have been enjoyed for centuries. They are still greatly appreciated today for their vibrant taste and numerous health benefits.

There are several types of artichokes, each with its own guide to growing and cooking. The most common variety is the Green Globe, which is a large, round artichoke with a soft and tender heart. Another popular type is the Purple Artichoke, named for its purple-tinged leaves and deep red coloring. This variety produces smaller, more elongated artichokes and is known for its slightly sweeter flavor.

One of the most prized artichoke varieties is the Violetto, which is known for its intense flavor and deep purple color. It is often used in gourmet cooking and can be difficult to find in some markets. The Imperial Star is another popular variety, particularly in colder climates. It is a versatile artichoke that can be grown from seeds and produces large, flavorful artichokes.

When it comes to cooking artichokes, there are many ways to enjoy them. They can be steamed, boiled, grilled, or even stuffed. The leaves can be dipped in various seasonings or sauces, and the heart is often considered the ultimate prize. Artichoke hearts are soft and tender and can be eaten alone or used in a variety of dishes.

Artichokes are not only delicious, but they also have numerous health benefits. They are low in calories and high in fiber, making them a good choice for those looking to maintain a healthy weight. Artichokes are also rich in minerals, particularly potassium and magnesium, which are important for cardiovascular health.

So whether you’re a seasoned artichoke connoisseur or have never tried one before, there is a variety out there for you. From the giant Green Globe to the small and delicate Violetto, artichokes offer a range of flavors and culinary possibilities. Next time you’re at the grocery store, why not pick up an artichoke and give it a try? You may discover a new favorite vegetable that is both tasty and good for you.

Artichoke Plant Types: Learn About Different Artichoke Varieties

Artichokes are unique and versatile plants that offer a variety of different edible parts. When it comes to artichoke varieties, there are a few different types to choose from, each with its own distinct characteristics and flavors.

Globe Artichokes

The most common type of artichoke is the globe artichoke. These plants produce large, rounded flower heads that are harvested and trimmed down to the artichoke heart, which is the edible portion of the plant. Globe artichokes are typically green in color, but there are also purple-tinged varieties available, such as the Violetta variety.

Globe artichokes are known for their rich, buttery flavor and are often steamed or boiled and then served with melted butter or a tangy dip. They can also be marinated and added to salads or used as a topping for pizzas and sandwiches.


Cardoons are another type of artichoke plant that produces edible stalks instead of flower heads. These stalks are similar to celery but have a unique flavor that is often described as a combination of artichokes and celery. Cardoons can be difficult to find in some areas, but they are worth seeking out for their delicious taste.

Romanesco Artichokes

Romanesco artichokes are a smaller variety of artichoke that has a more elongated shape than the globe artichoke. These artichokes are often referred to as “baby” artichokes due to their smaller size. Romanesco artichokes have a smaller heart compared to globe artichokes, but they are known for their tender leaves and delicate flavor.

These artichoke varieties are just a few examples of the wide range of different plants that fall under the artichoke umbrella. Whether you prefer the large, globe artichokes or the smaller, Romanesco artichokes, there is an artichoke variety out there to suit your taste.

So next time you’re in the produce section and you come across these beautiful vegetables, don’t be afraid to grab a few and give them a try. You may just discover a new favorite vegetable that adds a tasty and unique touch to your meals.



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Artichoke Plant Types

When it comes to artichokes, there are several different varieties to choose from. Each type has its own unique characteristics, flavors, and uses. Here are some of the most popular artichoke plant types:

1. Italian Artichokes

Italian artichokes, also known as “fiesole” or “Siena” artichokes, are a type of soft variety that is commonly grown in Italy. These artichokes have a tender texture and a slightly sweet taste. They are often used in Italian recipes, such as grilled or marinated artichokes.

2. French Artichokes

French artichokes, which are also called the “globe” artichokes, are larger and hardier than the Italian variety. This type of artichoke is known for its strong flavor and white, fluffy interior. French artichokes can be prepared in various ways, including steamed, boiled, or fried.

3. Baby Artichokes

Baby artichokes are smaller in size and typically have a tight, tapered shape. These artichokes are harvested from the lower parts of the plant and are often called “chokes.” Baby artichokes are tender and have a mild flavor. They are commonly used in salads or as a side dish.

4. Wild Artichokes

Wild artichokes grow naturally in the wild and have a more rustic appearance compared to cultivated varieties. These artichokes have a stronger flavor and a slightly tougher texture. Wild artichokes can be used in a variety of dishes, including soups, stews, or roasted vegetables.

When it comes to caring for artichoke plants, remember that they are hardy and can grow in a wide range of climates. They thrive in cooler, Mediterranean-like climates such as California or Colorado. Artichokes are typically planted as young plants in the spring and are ready for harvest in late summer or early fall.

Artichokes are not only delicious but also offer several health benefits. They are high in fiber and low in calories, making them a great addition to any diet. Additionally, artichokes contain important nutrients such as vitamin C, vitamin K, and antioxidants.

Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced artichoke grower, it’s important to learn more about the different types of artichokes and their specific care requirements. This guide provides you with the ultimate information to help you choose the right variety for your garden and make the most out of your artichoke season. So, get ready to explore the world of artichokes and enjoy their versatile flavor and texture!

Different Artichoke Plants

Artichoke plants come in a variety of shapes and sizes, each with its own unique qualities. There are several different types of artichoke plants, including Romanesco, Jerusalem, Imperial Star, and Green Globe.

The Romanesco artichoke plant, also known as the Romanesco broccoli, is a smaller variety that looks like a green, spiky cone. It is somewhat similar in taste to the more common Green Globe artichoke, but its texture is slightly softer. Romanesco artichokes are often seen in Italian cuisine and are prized for their delicate flavor.

Jerusalem artichoke plants, although not a true artichoke, are often included in the artichoke family due to their similar taste and nutritional benefits. Jerusalem artichokes are actually tubers that grow underground, and their taste is often described as a cross between an artichoke and a potato. They can be cooked in a variety of ways, including roasting, boiling, or sautéing.

The Imperial Star artichoke plant is a hardy variety that is known for its resistance to colder climates. It produces large, globe-shaped artichokes that have a slightly elongated shape. The Imperial Star artichoke is a good option for growers in regions with harsh winters.

The Green Globe artichoke is the most common variety and the one that most people are familiar with. It is prized for its large, compact shape and rich flavor. Green Globe artichokes are often cooked by boiling or steaming and can be enjoyed on their own or as an ingredient in various dishes.

When buying fresh artichokes, look for ones that are firm and heavy for their size. The leaves should be tightly closed and the stem should feel attached and sturdy. To cook artichokes, trim away the thorny tips of the leaves and remove any tough outer leaves. Make sure to also remove the fuzzy choke in the center before cooking.

In addition to being delicious, artichokes have several health benefits. They are high in antioxidants, which can have positive effects on cardiovascular health. Artichokes are also a good source of fiber, vitamin C, and magnesium. They can be enjoyed fresh, frozen, or marinated, making them a versatile vegetable for any kitchen.

So, whether you are a seasoned artichoke eater or have never tried one before, there is a variety out there to suit your taste. From the unique shapes of Romanesco and Jerusalem artichokes to the classic Green Globe and Imperial Star, you have plenty of options to choose from. Grab some artichokes, cook them up, and enjoy their delicious flavor!

Different Artichoke Varieties

The artichoke, a member of the thistle family, comes in various types, each with its own unique characteristics and flavors.

One of the most common types is the globe artichoke, which is typically green. However, there are also white artichoke varieties available. These white artichokes have a milder flavor compared to the green ones. They are often used in cooking or marinated in sauces.

Another variety is the violette de Provence, also known as the French artichoke. It is smaller and has a more elongated shape compared to the globe artichoke. The violette de Provence is known for its slightly bitter taste and tender leaves.

The Anzio artichokes, also known as the Romanesco artichokes, are a type of purple artichoke with a pointed tip and red coloring underneath the leaves. They are sweeter than other varieties and are often used grilled or in salads.

The baby artichokes, on the other hand, are smaller in size and have a tight, closed shape. They can be eaten whole without the need for peeling. Baby artichokes are often used in dishes such as stews, grilled, or marinated.

The artichoke varieties, such as the Green Star or Omaha, have been bred to be easier to grow and have a higher yield. They are large-scale artichokes that produce more artichokes per plant compared to other types. However, the trade-off is that they may have a slightly less intense flavor.

When buying artichokes, look for ones with tightly packed leaves and a good weight. The smaller types tend to be sweeter, while the larger ones are often more fibrous.

Artichokes, regardless of their type, are known for their nutritional benefits. They are high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and are believed to have various health benefits.

There are many ways to cook artichokes, including steaming, boiling, or grilling. Once cooked, you can enjoy them with butter or a tasty dipping sauce.

When planting artichokes, remember that they are perennial plants. They should be planted in well-drained soil and trimmed regularly to promote new growth. Artichoke plants can take up to two years before producing artichokes.

Overall, artichokes are a versatile vegetable that can be enjoyed in many different ways. Whether you eat them fresh, canned, or packaged, they are a delicious addition to any meal.

So, next time you’re at the grocery store, don’t be afraid to try a new variety of artichoke. You might discover a new favorite!

Source: Healthline

✿ Read More About Vegetables.

Dr Heidi Parkes

By Dr Heidi Parkes

Senior Information Extension Officer QLD Dept of Agriculture & Fisheries.