All You Need to Know about Crassula Care and the Different Varieties


If you are looking for a beautiful and easy-to-care-for houseplant, then crassulas are an ideal choice. These succulents come in a wide variety of types and forms, with their thick, fleshy leaves and stems being a common characteristic. One of the best things about crassulas is that they can be easily propagated from leaf or stem cuttings, making them a great plant to share with friends and family.

When it comes to caring for crassulas, one of the most important things to remember is to provide them with well-drained soil. These plants do not like to sit in water or be overwatered, as they can quickly become waterlogged and suffer from root rot. However, they also don’t like to be underwatered, so it is important to find the right balance.

Crassulas prefer bright, indirect sunlight, although they can tolerate some direct sun if given time to acclimate. You should also be careful not to expose the plants to too much direct sun, as this can cause the leaves to develop a red tint. If you notice that your crassula is getting too much sun, you can move it to a slightly shadier location.

When it comes to potting crassulas, it is important to select a pot that is the right size for the plant. These plants have shallow root systems and prefer to be slightly root-bound. Repotting should be done only when absolutely necessary, which is usually every couple of years. When repotting, make sure to use a well-draining potting mix designed for succulents.

There are many different varieties of crassulas to choose from, each with its own unique characteristics. Some popular ones include the Crassula ‘Fernwood’, which has stacked and rounded foliage, the Crassula ‘Marnieriana’, also known as the jade necklace, and the Crassula columnaris, which has long, columnar stems. However, one of the most common varieties is the Crassula ovata, or jade plant, which is known for its thick, oval-shaped leaves.

When it comes to fertilizing crassulas, it is important to go slow and be careful not to over-fertilize. These plants are slow growers and do not require a lot of nutrients. Using a balanced houseplant fertilizer diluted to half strength once a month during the growing season is usually sufficient.

In this article, you’ll learn how to care for different types of crassulas, how to propagate them from leaf or stem cuttings, and how to deal with common issues such as underwatering and overwatering. So, if you’re ready to bring some greenery into your home and add a touch of nature to your space, crassulas are a great choice!

Browsing Crassula

Crassula is a genus of succulent plants that are commonly known as jades. These plants are native to the southern parts of Africa and they are well-known for their thick, fleshy leaves. Crassula plants vary in size and form, ranging from small shrublets to tall columnaris forms. They are often used in gardens as ornamental plants or grown in containers.

Crassula plants have different names based on their appearance and uses. For example, the Crassula ovata is commonly called the jade plant, which is known for its vibrant green leaves. The Crassula ciliata is another common variety, also known as the silver jade, with soft silver-gray leaves.

Crassula plants are typically easy to care for and do well in bright, sunny conditions. They prefer well-drained soil and should be watered sparingly, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. Overwatering can lead to root rot and other problems. It is best to water Crassula plants in the morning, allowing the leaves to dry before nightfall.

Crassula plants can be propagated by leaf or stem cuttings. To propagate, simply remove a healthy leaf or stem and allow it to dry for a period of time. Once the cut end has calloused over, it can be planted directly into well-draining soil and watered sparingly until roots develop. This process can vary depending on the type of Crassula and environmental conditions.

Crassula plants are typically low-maintenance and do not require frequent pruning. However, if the plant starts to grow too tall or becomes leggy, it can be pruned back to encourage branching and denser growth. Pruning should be done in late spring or early summer when the plant is actively growing.

During the winter months, many Crassula varieties go into a dormant period and require less watering. The frequency of watering during this time varies depending on the specific type of Crassula and its environmental conditions. It is important to watch for signs of overwatering or underwatering, such as yellow or dropping leaves.

Crassula plants can be grown both indoors and outdoors, depending on the specific type and environmental conditions. They can tolerate a wide range of temperatures, but are more likely to thrive in warmer conditions. Some Crassula varieties, such as the Crassula ‘David’, are more frost-tolerant and can be left outside year-round in southern regions.

In addition to their ornamental value, Crassula plants have various uses. Some species, such as Crassula pachystemon, have medicinal properties and are used in traditional medicine. Others, like the Crassula fernwood, are popular for their unique leaf shapes and textures, making them a favorite among collectors and plant enthusiasts.

In summary, browsing Crassula plants offers a wide variety of options for both experienced and novice gardeners. Whether you are starting from scratch or expanding your collection, these plants are a great choice for their easy care and striking appearance. Just remember to select the right type for your conditions, provide adequate sunlight and well-drained soil, and watch for any signs of overwatering or other issues that may arise.

Crassula ‘Baby’s Necklace Variegata’

Crassula ‘Baby’s Necklace Variegata’ is a variety of Crassula prolifera, commonly known as baby’s necklace. This variety is popular among succulent enthusiasts due to its unique trailing and branching growth habit, resembling a string of beads.

When it comes to care, Crassula ‘Baby’s Necklace Variegata’ is relatively easy to grow and maintain. It can be grown both indoors and outdoors, making it a versatile choice for succulent lovers.

Propagation of this variety can be done through stem cuttings or leaf propagation. Morning sunlight is best for rooting the cuttings. Once established, Crassula ‘Baby’s Necklace Variegata’ requires moderate watering, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings.

Like other Crassula varieties, ‘Baby’s Necklace Variegata’ is generally resistant to diseases and pests. However, it may occasionally suffer from powdery mildew, which can be treated with appropriate fungicides.

Sharing photos of your Crassula ‘Baby’s Necklace Variegata’ specimens is a popular trend among succulent enthusiasts. The variegated leaves of this cultivar add an extra frill to any succulent collection.

Potting and repotting Crassula ‘Baby’s Necklace Variegata’ is only required when the plant outgrows its current container or when stacked problems arise, such as root rot. It is recommended to use well-draining soil and a container with drainage holes to prevent waterlogging.

When it comes to ideal conditions, Crassula ‘Baby’s Necklace Variegata’ prefers temperatures between 60-75°F (15-24°C) and bright indirect sunlight. Avoid exposing the plant to extreme temperatures, as it can lead to leaf damage or color loss.

Crassula ‘Baby’s Necklace Variegata’ is a succulent that can be easily sustained with minimal care and attention. With its unique trailing growth habit and variegated leaves, it adds a touch of beauty to any indoor or outdoor garden.

When browsing for other Crassula varieties, you may come across names like Crassula montana, Crassula cymbiformis, and Crassula Gollum. Each of these types has its own distinct features and growing requirements. It’s important to familiarize yourself with these specific needs before adding them to your collection.

As with other Crassulas, ‘Baby’s Necklace Variegata’ can be propagated from leaf or stem cuttings. Simply remove a healthy leaf or stem, let it callus for a few days, and then plant it in well-draining soil. Within a few weeks, new roots and leaves will start to form.

In spring, ‘Baby’s Necklace Variegata’ may produce small red flowers. To prevent the flowers from draining the plant’s energy, some succulent enthusiasts choose to remove them. However, if you wish to enjoy the flowering period, leave them be.

In conclusion, Crassula ‘Baby’s Necklace Variegata’ is a beautiful variety of Crassula prolifera, known for its trailing and branching growth habit. With its unique charm and easy care requirements, it is a great addition to any succulent collection.

Crassula perforata ‘Giant Form’

Crassula perforata ‘Giant Form’ is a unique and beautiful succulent plant that belongs to the Crassulaceae family. It is commonly known as “spruce” or “dollar plant” due to the shape of its leaves, which resemble miniature spruce trees or silver dollars stacked inside each other. This variety of Crassula is native to South Africa and is a popular choice for indoor gardens.

When it comes to watering, it’s important to take it slow with this plant. Crassula perforata ‘Giant Form’ prefers being slightly underwatered rather than overwatered. During the growing period, water the plant thoroughly and then let the soil dry out before watering again. This will prevent root rot and ensure the health of the plant.

The leaves of Crassula perforata ‘Giant Form’ are cymbiformis in shape, meaning they are boat-like with a powdery texture. The leaves can vary in color, ranging from light green to a silvery-blue shade. Some forms of this variety, such as Crassula perforata ‘Variegata’, have variegated leaves with creamy white or yellow edges.

To propagate Crassula perforata ‘Giant Form’, you can take cuttings from a healthy plant. Depending on the temperature and light conditions, the cuttings will root and grow within a few weeks. This plant can also be grown from seeds, but it takes longer to reach maturity.

Crassula perforata ‘Giant Form’ thrives in well-drained soil and prefers bright, indirect light. It can tolerate some shade but may become leggy if grown in low light conditions. In spring, the plant may produce small flowers on tall stalks, depending on its growing conditions.

Overall, Crassula perforata ‘Giant Form’ is a low-maintenance and visually striking houseplant. Take care to avoid overwatering, provide it with sufficient light, and you’ll be rewarded with a beautiful, healthy plant.

✿ Read More About Cacti and Succulents.

Dr Heidi Parkes

By Dr Heidi Parkes

Senior Information Extension Officer QLD Dept of Agriculture & Fisheries.