All You Need to Know About 14 Different Varieties of Cabbage

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All You Need to Know About 14 Different Varieties of Cabbage

When you think of cabbage, a typical green or purple ball-head cabbage may come to mind. However, cabbage comes in many different forms and colors, making it a versatile and nutritious vegetable. In fact, there are 14 different types of cabbage that are worth exploring for their unique flavors and benefits.

One of the most common types is the spring green cabbage, which has a delicate and mildly sweet flavor. Another popular variety is the white cabbage, known for its large, round head and crisp texture. If you’re looking for something more substantial, the mammoth cabbage has heads that can weigh up to 50 pounds, making it a great choice for hearty dishes.

Not all cabbage varieties are formed in the typical ball-head shape. The pointed-headed cabbage, also known as January King cabbage, has heads that are less round and more elongated. On the other hand, the savoy cabbage has crinkled leaves that add texture and flavor to dishes.

Although cabbage is generally associated with cooler months, there are also summer cabbages that thrive in warmer conditions. Napa cabbage, also known as Chinese cabbage or celery cabbage, is a popular variety that can be found throughout the summer. It has a mild and sweet flavor, making it a great choice for salads or stir-fries.

Another summer cabbage is the bok choy, which is a staple in many Asian cuisines. It has long, white stalks and large, dark green leaves. Bok choy is known for its crisp texture and mild flavor, and it can be enjoyed in stir-fries, soups, or even raw in salads.

Regardless of the type of cabbage you choose, it’s important to know how to store it properly. Cabbages can be stored in a cool, dry place for several weeks, but they will retain their freshness and crunch if stored in the refrigerator. Additionally, cabbages are prone to clubroot, which is a soil-borne disease that affects the roots of Brassica plants. To prevent clubroot, it’s best to rotate cabbage crops and avoid planting them in the same spot every year.

Whether you’re looking for a vibrant purple cabbage to add color to your salads or a lemon cabbage to make tangy coleslaw, the variety of cabbage choices is immense. Each type offers its own unique flavor and texture, and they are readily available throughout the year. So next time you’re at the grocery store, don’t just grab the usual green cabbage – explore the many cabbage varieties and enjoy the benefits they have to offer!

7 Varieties of Cabbage and How To Use Them

Cabbage is a dense leafy vegetable that belongs to the Brassica family. Farmers produce different types of cabbage that are worth exploring. These versatile vegetables can be cooked in various ways and offer numerous health benefits.

1. Green Cabbage: This is the most common type of cabbage, with round or pointed green leaves. Green cabbage is best used for coleslaw, salads, or sautéed in the kitchen.

2. Red Cabbage: With its vibrant purple color, red cabbage adds a pop of color to any dish. It is perfect for adding to salads, stir-fries, or even stuffed cabbage rolls.

3. Napa Cabbage: This Chinese variety of cabbage has long, frilly leaves. Napa cabbage is recommended for making slaws, stir-fries, or as a filling for dumplings.

4. Savoy Cabbage: Savoy cabbage has crinkled, dark green leaves. It is great for stir-frying, boiling, or using in soups and stews. The leaves are tender and have a mild flavor.

5. Bok Choy: Bok choy, also known as Chinese cabbage, has white stalks and dark green leaves. It can be used in stir-fries, soups, or simply sautéed with garlic and oil.

6. Brussels Sprouts: These mini cabbages are harvested in small, tight, ball-head forms. Brussels sprouts are delicious when roasted or sautéed, and they provide a sweeter taste when cooked longer.

7. Caraflex Cabbage: This variety has cone-shaped heads with pointy, light green leaves. Caraflex cabbage is great for salads, coleslaws, or using as a wrap in place of tortillas or bread.

These are just some of the various types of cabbage you can find. Each one has its own unique flavor and texture, making them a versatile ingredient in the kitchen. Whether you enjoy them raw in salads or cooked in a dish, cabbage is easy to prepare and can be used in many tasty recipes all year round.

It is worth noting that certain varieties of cabbage, like the Chinese cabbage and Brussels sprouts, are more resistant to cold weather and better suited for fall and winter planting. However, most cabbage seeds can be sowed in the early spring or late summer for a successful growing season.

14 Types Of Cabbage Varieties Explained

When it comes to cabbage, there are many different types of varieties that can be found. From the seeds that farmers plant to the fresh cabbage that you will see on the shelves, each type has its own unique texture and flavor.

One type of cabbage is Nappa cabbage, which is commonly used in Asian dishes such as stir-fries and soups. Another type is kale, which has become popular among health-conscious individuals for its high fiber content and numerous health benefits. Portuguese cabbage and Tuscan cabbage are also popular choices, as they have a slightly sweeter taste compared to other varieties.

When growing cabbage, it’s important to know how to break the stalks off properly, as this will determine the size and shape of the cabbage head. Some varieties, like Oyster cabbage and Choy cabbage, are easy to grow and maintain, although they may take some time to mature. However, once they are ready, they can be easily cooked and used in a variety of dishes.

Winter cabbage varieties, such as Krautman cabbage and September cabbage, are highly resistant to cold weather and can be stored for several months. Their leaves are also very tasty when cooked. Polish cabbage is another small-headed variety that is worth using in dishes, as it has a higher nutritional value compared to other types of cabbage.

Green cabbage varieties, such as Rubicon cabbage and Mammoth cabbage, are commonly used for making coleslaw or sautéed dishes. They have a darker outer layer and a firm texture, making them perfect for roasting or using as a wrap for rolls. These cabbages are highly versatile and can be used in many different recipes.

Overall, there are many different types of cabbage varieties to choose from, each with its own set of unique characteristics and flavors. Whether you’re making a salad, sautéing, or fermenting cabbage for kraut, you’ll find a variety that suits your needs. So why not give these delicious vegetables a try and enjoy their many health benefits!

Green cabbage

Green cabbage is one of the most common cabbage varieties, known for its round shape and vibrant green color. It belongs to the Brassica family, which also includes other cruciferous vegetables like kale, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts. Green cabbage is a versatile vegetable that can be used in many dishes and recipes.

Green cabbage is easy to grow and can be grown in a container or directly in the ground. It has a firm texture and can be enjoyed raw or cooked. The leaves are thick and crispy, making them perfect for using in salads or coleslaw. Green cabbage can also be sautéed or used in stir-fries, soups, stews, and rolls.

Green cabbage is not only delicious, but it also offers a variety of health benefits. It is rich in vitamins C and K, as well as dietary fiber. It also contains phytochemicals and antioxidants that have been linked to various health benefits, including reducing inflammation and protecting against certain types of cancer.

Green cabbage can be grown throughout the year, although it is best to plant it in the cooler seasons. Farmers often use lunar planting calendars to determine the best times for planting and harvesting green cabbage. It takes about 70 to 80 days for green cabbage to reach maturity from the time it is planted.

Green cabbage can be stored for several weeks, especially if kept in a cool and dry place. It is recommended to store green cabbage with the outer leaves intact to keep it fresh longer. Some people also recommend storing green cabbage in a plastic bag or container in the refrigerator to keep it fresh.

In addition to its culinary uses, green cabbage has been used for its medicinal properties. It is believed to have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects. Green cabbage has also been used in traditional medicine to treat various ailments, including digestive issues and skin problems.

Whether you’re using green cabbage in a fresh salad, sautéed in olive oil, or added to a hearty soup, it is a versatile and nutritious vegetable. Its crisp texture and mild flavor make it a popular choice among many. So grab some green cabbage and start enjoying its delicious taste and health benefits!

Source: Healthline

Savoy cabbage

Savoy cabbage, also known as curly cabbage, is a variety of cabbage that is popularly grown for its unique appearance and culinary properties. It is characterized by its crinkly and dark green leaves, which are packed tightly together to form a dense head. Savoy cabbage has a mild and sweet flavor that is slightly more delicate compared to other cabbage varieties.

This cabbage variety is versatile and can be used in various dishes, including salads, stir-fries, soups, and rolls. It retains its texture and flavor well when cooked, making it a great choice for both hot and cold dishes.

Savoy cabbage is known for its nutritional benefits. It is low in calories, high in fiber, and rich in vitamins A, C, and K. The leaves of Savoy cabbage are also a good source of antioxidants, which help protect the body against free radicals and oxidative stress. Additionally, it contains phytonutrients that have been linked to various health benefits, such as anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties.

When it comes to planting, Savoy cabbage is typically grown as a summer crop. It requires well-drained soil and full sun exposure. It can be planted directly in the ground or in containers. Savoy cabbage seeds should be sown in late winter or early spring, and the plants can be harvested from late summer to early autumn.

Savoy cabbage is available in various types, including green, red, and purple. Each type has its own unique flavor profile and colors. Some popular types of Savoy cabbage include the January King, Rubicon, and Tuscany.

In terms of storage, Savoy cabbage can be stored in the refrigerator for up to a week. To keep it fresh, it is best to wrap the cabbage in a plastic bag or store it in an airtight container. Before using, remove any damaged outer leaves and wash the cabbage thoroughly.

Savoy cabbage is a staple in many cuisines around the world. It is commonly used in dishes such as coleslaw, stuffed cabbage rolls, sauerkraut, and stir-fries. In Japan, Savoy cabbage is often used to make Okonomiyaki, a popular savory pancake dish. In Portuguese cuisine, it is used to make Caldo Verde, a traditional soup. In Polish cuisine, cabbage rolls known as Golabki are made using Savoy cabbage.

Overall, Savoy cabbage is a versatile and nutritious vegetable that can be enjoyed in a variety of dishes. Its unique texture and flavor make it a favorite among many people. Whether used in salads, soups, stir-fries, or as a decorative vegetable, Savoy cabbage brings a touch of freshness and flavor to every meal.

✿ Read More About Vegetables.

Dr Heidi Parkes

By Dr Heidi Parkes

Senior Information Extension Officer QLD Dept of Agriculture & Fisheries.