A Guide to Planting and Propagating Chrysanthemums: Tips for Successful Growth and Expansion


If you’re a fan of beautiful flowers and gardening, then chrysanthemums should be on your planting list. These stunning flowers come in a variety of shapes and colours, from vibrant orange and yellow to delicate shades of pink and purple. They are incredibly easy to grow, making them a great choice for both beginners and experienced growers. Chrysanthemums can be planted as perennials or as annuals, depending on your gardening area and the look you’re trying to achieve.

Planting chrysanthemums is best done in the spring or early summer, when the soil is warmer and there is more sunlight. They do best in well-drained soil, so make sure to choose a location in your garden or planting area that offers good drainage. Chrysanthemums should be planted in an area with full sun, although they can tolerate some shade. When planting, make sure to leave enough space between each plant, as they can grow to be quite large.

Chrysanthemums require regular care throughout the year to ensure healthy growth and abundant blooming. They should be watered regularly, especially during dry spells, and fed with a balanced fertilizer every month during the growing season. Deadheading, or removing spent flowers, will promote new blooming. Additionally, chrysanthemums should be pruned in late winter or early spring to remove any dead or damaged stems.

Propagation of chrysanthemums can be done through various methods, such as division, cuttings, and seed sowing. Division is the most common method and is best done in the spring or fall. Simply dig up the mature plant, divide the root ball into smaller sections, and replant them in a well-prepared soil. Cuttings can be taken from new growth in the summer and rooted in a potting mix. Seeds should be sown in late winter or early spring in well-drained potting soil.

Chrysanthemums are known for their beautiful and long-lasting blooms. They are a popular choice for cut flower arrangements and can add a touch of colour to any garden or floral design. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or new to the world of gardening, chrysanthemums are a great addition to your outdoor space. Keep in mind that although they are winter hardy in some areas, they may require additional protection during harsh winters.

Growing Chrysanthemum Flowers: How to Care for Mums

Chrysanthemums are beautiful flowers that come in a variety of colors and shapes. They are often referred to as mums for short. These plants belong to the Asteraceae family and are native to Asia and northeastern Europe. Mums are well-known for their spectacular blooms, which resemble a mass of small florets, creating a rose-like appearance.

When it comes to caring for chrysanthemums, there are a few key factors to keep in mind. First, you need to ensure that your mums are receiving an adequate amount of sunlight. Ideally, they should be placed in an area that gets at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. However, if you live in a region with intense heat, it’s best to provide them with some shade during the hottest part of the day.

In terms of watering, chrysanthemums prefer a well-drained soil. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it’s important to let the top inch of soil dry out before watering again. It’s also a good idea to water the plants at their base, rather than overhead, to prevent moisture-related diseases, such as powdery mildew.

Fertilizing chrysanthemums is another crucial aspect of their care. These plants are heavy feeders and require regular feeding throughout the growing season. A balanced, water-soluble fertilizer can be applied every two to three weeks or as directed on the packaging. This will help promote healthy growth and abundant blooms.

When it comes to planting chrysanthemums, they can be grown both as perennials and annuals. Perennial varieties can be planted in well-prepared soil in the spring or fall, while annual mums should be planted outdoors after the danger of frost has passed in the spring. If starting with potted plants, it’s best to transplant them into the ground after the blooms fade. This will allow the roots to become established for the following year.

Overwintering chrysanthemums can be a bit tricky, especially in colder regions. One method is to cut back the plants to about six inches in late fall, mulch around the base with a thick layer of straw or vermiculite, and cover the plants with a plastic or burlap bag. This will help protect them from frost damage. Another option is to dig up the plants and pot them, placing them in a cool, dark place until the following spring.

It’s important to note that chrysanthemums can be susceptible to a variety of pests and diseases. Regularly inspect the plants for any signs of damage, such as holes in the leaves or irregular growth. If any issues are found, take appropriate action, such as using organic pest control methods or removing affected parts of the plant.

In conclusion, growing and caring for chrysanthemum flowers can be a rewarding experience. With proper attention to sunlight, water, fertilization, and protection from pests and diseases, your mums can thrive and provide beautiful blooms year after year. Whether displayed in a vase or as part of a garden design, chrysanthemums are sure to add a touch of elegance and charm to any space.

How to Grow Chrysanthemums in the Garden

Growing chrysanthemums in the garden can be a rewarding experience. These plants come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors, making them a great addition to any garden. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or just starting out, chrysanthemums are relatively easy to care for and can add vibrant beauty to your outdoor space.

Chrysanthemums are perennials, which means they can come back year after year. They typically have a long history in gardening and have become a popular choice for many gardeners. When planting chrysanthemums in your garden, choose a location that gets full sun or at least part sun throughout the day. These plants prefer well-drained soil, so make sure the area is not prone to standing water.

Chrysanthemums can be planted outdoors in the late spring or early summer, once the threat of frost has passed. They can also be started indoors in small pots and later transplanted outside. If planting outdoors, make sure to space the plants about a foot apart to allow for proper air circulation.

Once planted, chrysanthemums need regular care to thrive. They should be watered regularly, especially during dry spells. It’s important to keep the soil moist but not overly saturated. You can also feed the plants every 4 to 6 weeks with a fertilizer containing a balanced mix of nutrients to ensure proper growth.

Chrysanthemums require pinching or pruning to encourage bushier growth and more blooms. This should be done in the early stages of growth, typically around June or July. Simply pinch off the top part of the plant to promote branching. This will result in a fuller, more vibrant chrysanthemum plant.

During the winter months, chrysanthemums may need some protection from the cold. You can cover the plants with a layer of mulch or place a plastic covering over them to help insulate the soil and protect the roots. It’s also a good idea to cut back the plants in the late fall to prevent overgrowth and to clean up the garden for the next season.

Chrysanthemum Care

When it comes to caring for chrysanthemums, there are a few key things you need to keep in mind. Here are the most important aspects:

Part Everything
Away Rooted
Time 4
Grow Standing
Young Area
Shady Floral
50 November
As Planting
Comments Sign
Short You’d
Do Containing
Buy Up
Warmer Frost
Irregular Mums
Flowers Color
Growing Outdoors
History Replant
Sunlight Mums
Great Care
Next Out
Around Growth
Placed Autumn
Yellow Incredibly
They’re Grown
Most Flowers
Giving Varieties
Healing June
Types Leaving
Stems and
Cuttings Plant
Birth Every
Begin Temperature
Garden Overwintering
Happen Design
Herb Anything
Planting Overwintering
Centers Where
Building Throughout

Planting and Propagating Chrysanthemums

Chrysanthemums, commonly known as mums, are beautiful flowers that bloom in a variety of colors. They are a popular choice for gardeners of all levels, from beginners to experienced cultivators. If you’d like to grow chrysanthemums in your garden, here are some tips on how to plant and propagate them:

1. Planting Chrysanthemums

  • Choose a well-drained location for planting chrysanthemums. They prefer soil that is somewhat moist but not overly wet.
  • Plant young chrysanthemum plants in the spring, after the last frost date for your area.
  • Dig a hole that is slightly larger than the plant’s root ball and place the plant in it.
  • Backfill the hole with soil, making sure the plant is at the same level as it was in the pot.
  • Water the plant thoroughly after planting to settle the soil and ensure good root-to-soil contact.
  • Provide regular water throughout the growing season, especially during dry periods.
  • Apply a balanced fertilizer according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

2. Propagating Chrysanthemums

Chrysanthemums can be propagated through seeds, cuttings, or division.

  • To propagate from seeds, collect the seeds once the flowers have faded and the seed heads have developed. Plant the seeds in a seed-starting mix in late autumn or early winter, and they will germinate in spring.
  • For propagating through cuttings, take 3- to 4-inch cuttings from the stems of mature chrysanthemum plants in late spring or early summer. Dip the cut ends in rooting hormone and plant them in a container filled with a well-draining potting mix. Keep the soil moist and provide bottom heat with a propagation mat or use a heated greenhouse.
  • Division is another method of propagation. In late autumn or early spring, carefully dig up the chrysanthemum plant and divide it into smaller clumps, making sure each clump has some shoots and roots. Replant the divided clumps in well-draining soil.

When propagating chrysanthemums, it’s essential to keep them well-watered and provide good air circulation to prevent diseases. If you want to overwinter your chrysanthemums, cut the stems to a height of 4 to 6 inches after the first frost and cover the base of the plants with a thick layer of mulch to protect them from freezing temperatures.

By following these steps, you can successfully plant and propagate chrysanthemums in your garden. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced gardener, these beautiful flowers will surely brighten up your outdoor space with their vibrant blooms and diverse colors, ranging from orange to yellow. Enjoy the beauty of chrysanthemums throughout the year!

✿ Read More: Gardening Tips and Advice.

Dr Heidi Parkes

By Dr Heidi Parkes

Senior Information Extension Officer QLD Dept of Agriculture & Fisheries.